http://www.collembola.org/key/paranura.htm - Last updated on 2017.10.31 by Frans Janssens
Checklist of the Collembola: Key to the species of Paranura

This key is still under construction. Note that missing figures will be provided as soon as possible. Currently, the key is in the feasibility study phase to find out how to integrate in the checklist in a modular way a key that has been generated with DELTA.

Simón-Benito, J.C., Departamento de Biologí, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco 28049, Madrid, Spain
José G. Palacios-Vargas, Laboratorio de Ecologia y Sistemática de Microartrópodos, Departamento de Biologia, Facultad de Ciensas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México D.F.
Peñaranda-Parada, M.R., Museo Entomológico, Facultad de Agronomí:a, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Edificio 500, Bogotá A.A. 14490, Colombia
Frans Janssens, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, B-2020, Belgium

Rationale

The rationale for taxa used and not used as well as subtaxonomic classification for some taxa is to be provided.

Key

Note that no distinction between subtaxa and taxa is made in the key.

1(0).   Eyes absent............................................. anops
        Eyes present................................................ 2
 
2(1).   Head with 2 + 2 eyes........................................ 3
        Head with 3 + 3 eyes....................................... 21
 
3(2).   Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 2, 2 setae........ 4
        Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae........ 6
 
4(3).   Antennal-frontal tubercle with seta "A"..................... 5
        Antennal-frontal tubercle without seta "A"........... squamosa
 
5(4).   Thoracic lateral tubercles with 0, 2, 2 setae...... timorensis
        Thoracic lateral tubercles with 0, 3, 3 setae........ nudifera
 
6(3).   Ocular tubercle with 2 setae................................ 7
        Ocular tubercle with 3 setae............................... 13
 
7(6).   Antennal-frontal tubercle with seta "A"..................... 8
        Antennal-frontal tubercle without seta "A"................. 11
 
8(7).   Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 2 setae........ 9
        Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 3, 4 setae. impedita
 
9(8).   Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles not with 1, 2, 2 setae.... 10
        Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 2, 2 setae....... meo
 
10(9).  Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae... tapatia
        Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 4 setae...........
           ................................................ colombiana
 
11(7).  Antenno-frontal tubercles with seta "C"............ godavarica
        Antenno-frontal tubercles without seta "C"................. 12
 
12(11). Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 2 setae..........
           ................................................ johorensis
        Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 3, 4 setae..........
           ................................................. garoensis
 
13(6).  Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "O"..................... 14
        Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "O".................. 18
 
14(13). Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 3 setae....... 15
        Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 3, 4 setae....... 16
 
15(14). Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 2, 2 setae... dalgeri
        Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae.. bisetosa
 
16(14). Last abdominal segments with slightly developed tubercles.. 17
        Last abdominal segments without tubercles........ quadrilobata
 
17(16). Tibiotarsus with seta "M"; tibiotarsus with 19, 19, 17 setae..
           ................................................... modesta
        Tibiotarsus without seta "M"; tibiotarsus with 18, 18, 17
          setae......................................... tibiotarsalis
 
18(13). Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 2 setae....... 19
        Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 3, 4 setae....... 20
 
19(18). Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 2, 2 setae...........
           ................................................ globulifer
        Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae.. leclerci
 
20(18). Dorso-internal tubercle with 2 setae.................... tamul
        Dorso-internal tubercle with 3 setae................ coenobita
 
21(2).  Last abdominal segments with clear clavate setae... sitchensis
        Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with
          rounded tips............................................. 22
 
22(21). With three ocular setae.................................... 23
        With two ocular setae...................................... 30
 
23(22). Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "O"..................... 24
        Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "O".................. 29
 
24(23). Dorso-external thoracic tubercles not with 2, 4, 5 setae... 25
        Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 4, 5 setae....... 27
 
25(24). Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "E"..................... 26
        Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "E"............ colorata
 
26(25). Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 2 setae..........
           ............................................ chiangdaoensis
        Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 3, 3 setae..........
           ............................................... sexpunctata
 
27(24). Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "C"..................... 28
        Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "C".............. koryoi
 
28(27). Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "D".......... mjohjangensis
        Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "D"................ ieti
 
29(23). Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 2 setae..........
           ................................................ tridentata
        Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 4, 4 setae.... rosea
 
30(22). Dorso-external prothoracic tubercle with 1 seta............ 31
        Dorso-external prothoracic tubercles with 2 setae.......... 32
 
31(30). Dorso-external tubercles of first to fourth abdominal segments
          with 2, 2, 2, 2 setae................................ jorgei
        Dorso-external tubercles of first to fourth abdominal segments
          with 3, 3, 3, 3 setae............................. sarukhani
 
32(30). Dorso-external mesothoracic tubercle with 2 setae.............
           ........................................... longisensillata
        Dorso-external mesothoracic tubercle with 3 setae.......... 33
 
33(32). Dorso-external metathoracic tubercle with 3 setae.. magdalenae
        Dorso-external metathoracic tubercle with 4 setae.... rooensis

Endnotes

1 Due to lack of information, nalo Christiansen & Bellinger 1992, and schotti Womersley 1935 are not included in the key.

2 Paranura suenoi Yosii 1955 is excluded from Paranura and not included in the key because it has a blue colour, reticulations on the lateral parts of abd.5, and a complete abd.6.


Differential diagnoses

anops
Eyes absent.

bisetosa
Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "O". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 3 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Ocular tubercle with 3 setae.

chiangdaoensis
Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "O". Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "E". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles not with 2, 4, 5 setae. Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 2 setae. Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with rounded tips. With three ocular setae.

coenobita
Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "O". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 3, 4 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Dorso-internal tubercle with 3 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Ocular tubercle with 3 setae.

colombiana
Antennal-frontal tubercle with seta "A". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 2 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles not with 1, 2, 2 setae. Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 4 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Ocular tubercle with 2 setae.

colorata
Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "O". Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "E". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles not with 2, 4, 5 setae. Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with rounded tips. With three ocular setae.

dalgeri
Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "O". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 3 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 2, 2 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Ocular tubercle with 3 setae.

garoensis
Antennal-frontal tubercle without seta "A". Antenno-frontal tubercles without seta "C". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 3, 4 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Ocular tubercle with 2 setae.

globulifer
Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "O". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 2 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 2, 2 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Ocular tubercle with 3 setae.

godavarica
Antennal-frontal tubercle without seta "A". Antenno-frontal tubercles with seta "C". Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Ocular tubercle with 2 setae.

ieti
Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "O". Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "C". Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "D". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 4, 5 setae. Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with rounded tips. With three ocular setae.

impedita
Antennal-frontal tubercle with seta "A". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 3, 4 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Ocular tubercle with 2 setae.

johorensis
Antennal-frontal tubercle without seta "A". Antenno-frontal tubercles without seta "C". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 2 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Ocular tubercle with 2 setae.

jorgei
Dorso-external prothoracic tubercle with 1 seta. Dorso-external tubercles of first to fourth abdominal segments with 2, 2, 2, 2 setae. Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with rounded tips. With two ocular setae.

koryoi
Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "O". Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "C". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 4, 5 setae. Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with rounded tips. With three ocular setae.

leclerci
Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "O". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 2 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Ocular tubercle with 3 setae.

longisensillata
Dorso-external mesothoracic tubercle with 2 setae. Dorso-external prothoracic tubercles with 2 setae. Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with rounded tips. With two ocular setae.

magdalenae
Dorso-external mesothoracic tubercle with 3 setae. Dorso-external metathoracic tubercle with 3 setae. Dorso-external prothoracic tubercles with 2 setae. Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with rounded tips. With two ocular setae.

meo
Antennal-frontal tubercle with seta "A". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 2 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 2, 2 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Ocular tubercle with 2 setae.

mjohjangensis
Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "O". Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "C". Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "D". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 4, 5 setae. Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with rounded tips. With three ocular setae.

modesta
Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "O". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 3, 4 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Last abdominal segments with slightly developed tubercles. Ocular tubercle with 3 setae. Tibiotarsus with seta "M". Tibiotarsus with 19, 19, 17 setae.

nudifera
Antennal-frontal tubercle with seta "A". Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 2, 2 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Thoracic lateral tubercles with 0, 3, 3 setae.

quadrilobata
Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "O". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 3, 4 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Last abdominal segments without tubercles. Ocular tubercle with 3 setae.

rooensis
Dorso-external mesothoracic tubercle with 3 setae. Dorso-external metathoracic tubercle with 4 setae. Dorso-external prothoracic tubercles with 2 setae. Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with rounded tips. With two ocular setae.

rosea
Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "O". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 4, 4 setae. Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with rounded tips. With three ocular setae.

sarukhani
Dorso-external prothoracic tubercle with 1 seta. Dorso-external tubercles of first to fourth abdominal segments with 3, 3, 3, 3 setae. Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with rounded tips. With two ocular setae.

sexpunctata
Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "O". Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "E". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles not with 2, 4, 5 setae. Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 3, 3 setae. Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with rounded tips. With three ocular setae.

sitchensis
Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments with clear clavate setae.

squamosa
Antennal-frontal tubercle without seta "A". Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 2, 2 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes.

tamul
Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "O". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 3, 4 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Dorso-internal tubercle with 2 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Ocular tubercle with 3 setae.

tapatia
Antennal-frontal tubercle with seta "A". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 2 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles not with 1, 2, 2 setae. Dorso-lateral thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Ocular tubercle with 2 setae.

tibiotarsalis
Antenno-frontal tubercle with seta "O". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 3, 4 setae. Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 3, 3 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Last abdominal segments with slightly developed tubercles. Ocular tubercle with 3 setae. Tibiotarsus without seta "M". Tibiotarsus with 18, 18, 17 setae.

timorensis
Antennal-frontal tubercle with seta "A". Dorso-internal thoracic tubercles with 1, 2, 2 setae. Eyes present. Head with 2 + 2 eyes. Thoracic lateral tubercles with 0, 2, 2 setae.

tridentata
Antenno-frontal tubercle without seta "O". Dorso-external thoracic tubercles with 2, 2, 2 setae. Eyes present. Head with 3 + 3 eyes. Last abdominal segments without clavate setae, at most with rounded tips. With three ocular setae.


References