http://www.collembola.org/taxa/heteinae.htm - Last updated on 2019.07.26 by Frans Janssens
Checklist of the Collembola: Heteromurinae

Subfamilia Heteromurinae Absolon & Kseneman, 1942 sensu Zhang F et Deharveng L, 2015:307 key  key

Genus Number
of species
Alloscopus10
Dicranocentrus68
Dicranorchesella4
Falcomurus1
GenusnovnotDicranocentrus1
GenusnovnrDicranocentrus1
Heteromurtrella20
Heteromurus19
Mastigoceras1
Pseudodicranocentrus3
Verhoeffiella14
Heteromurinae142
Genera with number of species
  Syn.: Entomobryidae Entomobryini(sic) Börner, C, 1901:15 partim ISS
  Syn.: Collembola Isotomidae Wynne, JJ, Boyero Gallardo, JR, Hershauer, S, Huerta, OT, Martín, RF, Cuenca Rodriguez, J, París, M et Pardo-Igúzquiza, E, 2018:27


Heteromurinae from Australia
2009.09.25 © Daley, A.

  Syn.: Entomobryidae Heteromurininae(sic) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW et Bellini, BC, 2016:153 ISS

Tribus Heteromurini Absolon & Kseneman, 1942 sensu Zhang F & Deharveng L, 2015:309 key  key

  Syn.: ... Verhoeffiella Bellini, 2014



Genus Dicranorchesella Mari Mutt, JA, 1977:377 key

Species boneti Mari Mutt, JA, 1977:381, t.t.

Species fina Mari Mutt, JA, 1981:21

Species occulta Mari Mutt, JA, 1978:127

Species seminuda Mari Mutt, JA, 1984:819


Genus Dicranocentrus Schött, H, 1893:21 key

  Syn.: Dicranocentrus Dicranocentrella Wray, DL, 1953:140
  Syn.: Heteromuricinae Heteromuricus Imms, 1912
  Syn.: Heteromurus Hetermuricus(sic) Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:544 ISS


Dicranocentrus from Peru
2009.01-03.dd © Damiano-Palomino., B
Dicranocentrus from Peru
2009.01-03.dd © Damiano-Palomino., B
Dicranocentrus from Peru
2009.01-03.dd © Damiano-Palomino., B

Species albicephalus Xisto, T et de Mendonça, MC, 2017:23

Dicranocentrus albicephalus from Brazil
After Xisto T & de Mendonça MC, 2017 Fig.10

Species amazonicus Bellini, Morais & Oliveira, 2013

Species antillensis Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:57

  Subspecies jamaicensis Mari Mutt, JA, 1981:99

Species assimilis Schött, 1927

Species bicolor Handschin, 1924

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus bicolor Xisto, T et de Mendonça, MC, 2017:34 nd

Species bidentatus Mari Mutt, JA, 1983:154

Species biseriatus Mari Mutt, JA, 1981:97

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus millsi Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:61


Species capitaneus Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:297

Species celatus Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:105

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus sp. Mari Mutt, 1977
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus millsi Mari Mutt, 1981


             Syn.: Dicranocentrus celarus(sic) Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:109 ISS

Species cercifer (Imms, 1912) Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:543

             Syn.: Heteromuricus crucifer(sic) Schött, 1925 ISS
Heteromuricus cercifer from South-India
After Handschin E, 1929 Fig.48
Heteromuricus cercifer from India
After Mandal GP & Hazra AK, 2009 Fig.78a
Dicranocentrus cercifer from India
Abd.5 with dorsal median cercus
After Mandal GP & Suman KK, 2015 Fig.p.524
Dicranocentrus cercifer from India
After Mandal GP & al, 2019 Plate VI left



Species chenae Ma, Y-T, Chen, J-X et Soto-Adames, FN, [2007]:485

Species chimborazoensis Najt, J, Thibaud, J-M et Mari Mutt, JA, 1988:553

Dicranocentrus chimborazoensis
After Thibaud J-M & D'Haese C, 2010 Fig.9

Species colombiensis Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:23

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus gracilis Winter, 1963 =?


Species cuprum Xisto & de Mendonça, 2016

Species deharvengi Mari Mutt, JA, 1981:493

Species delamarei Mari Mutt, JA, 1981:160

Species eburneus Delamare Deboutteville, 1951 nn

Species edicitae Jacquemart, S, 1980:2

Species fasciatus Yosii, 1961

Species fraternus Mari Mutt, JA et Bhattacharjee, RK, 1980:162

Species gapudi Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:303

Species gemellus Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:321

Species gracilis Schött, H, 1893:23, t.t.

Species halophilus Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:320

Species heloisae Arlé & Mendonça, 1982

Dicranocentrus heloisae from Brazil
After Xisto T & de Mendonça MC, 2014 Fig.1
Dicranocentrus heloisae from Brazil
After Xisto T & de Mendonça MC, 2017 Fig.18a
Dicranocentrus heloisae from Brazil
After Xisto T & de Mendonça MC, 2017 Fig.18b

Species icelosmarias Soto-Adames, FN et Anderson, EW, 2017:33

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus marias Mari Mutt, 1979 from Panama =?

Species indecisus Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:301

Species indicus Bonet, 1930

Dicranocentrus indicus from India
After Mandal GP & Hazra AK, 2009 Fig.36a

Species inermis Schött, 1927

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus insignis(sic) Yosii, 1961 lapsus


Species inermodentes (Uchida, 1944) Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:67

Species janetscheki Yosii, 1971

Species javanus Yoshii & Yayuk, 1989:62

  Subspecies salatiganus Yoshii, R et Suhardjono, YR, 1989:62

Species lawrencei Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:66

Species linnaniemii Börner, 1912

             Syn.: Dicranocentrus Linnaniemii(sic) Delamare Deboutteville, C, 1945:33 ISS

Species litoreus Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:318

Species liuae Xu, G-L et Zhang, F, 2014:3

Dicranocentrus liuae from China
After Xu G-L & Zhang F, 2014 Fig.2

Species longicornis (Carpenter, GH, 1916:36) Handschin, 1929

Species luzonensis Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:317

Species magnus Xisto, T et de Mendonça, MC, 2017:11

Dicranocentrus magnus from Brazil
After Xisto T & de Mendonça MC, 2017 Fig.2

Species marias Wray, DL, 1953:141

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus silvestrii Denis, 1931
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus silvestrii Denis, 1933


Species marimutti Xisto, T et de Mendonça, MC, 2017:28

Dicranocentrus marimutti from Brazil
After Xisto T & de Mendonça MC, 2017 Fig.14

Species melinus Xisto & de Mendonça, 2016

Species meruensis Wahlgren, 1908

             Syn.: Heteromurus (Heteromuricus) Stachi(sic) Denis, 1925 =? ISS
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus aethiopicus Handschin, 1929
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus Jeanneli(sic) Delamare Deboutteville, C, 1945:31 IOS
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus Jeanneli(sic) Jeannel, R, 1945:18 IOS




Species millsi Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:61

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus millsi ssp. cubensis Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:62
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus sp. Mari Mutt, 1978


Species nepalensis Mari Mutt JA in Mari Mutt, JA et Bhattacharjee, RK, 1980:165

Species nigritus Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:23

Species orellanae Jacquemart, S, 1980:6

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus orellanae ssp. cuzcoensis Jacquemart, S, 1980:8


Species orientalis Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:67

Species paramoensis Mari Mutt, JA, 1983:149

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus paramoense(sic) Mari Mutt, JA, 1983:149 IOS
             Syn.: Dicranocentrus paramoense(sic) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW et Bellini, BC, 2016:158 ISS



Species peckorum Najt, J, Thibaud, J-M et Mari Mutt, JA, 1988:556

Species pikachu Xisto, T et de Mendonça, MC, 2017:16

Dicranocentrus pikachu from Brazil
After Xisto T & de Mendonça MC, 2017 Fig.6

Species platensis (Izarra, 1972) Mari Mutt, JA, 1977:248

            Syn.: Tomocerus plumbeus Parona, 1895 =?
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus silvestrii Bonet, 1934


Dicranocentrus platensis from Argentina
2016.03.27 © Chiavone, J.

Species problematicus Denis, 1948

Species reunionensis Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:299

Species schoetti Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:56

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus maculatus Winter, 1963 =?
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus muyensis Winter, 1963 =?
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus silvestrii var. circulata Winter, 1963 =?


Species silvestrii Absolon, K, 1903:105

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus Silvestrii(sic) Absolon, K, 1903:105 IOS
            Syn.: Tomocerus plumbeus Parona, 1895
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus silvestrii var. nigrescens Absolon, 1903
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus silvestrii var. annulata Börner, C, 1906:176
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus bicolor Cassagnau, P in Delamare Deboutteville, C et Rapoport, E, 1963:128 =?
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus bicolor Arlé & Mendonça, 1982 =?
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus termitophilus Arlé & Mendonça, 1982 =?


             Syn.: Dicranocentrus Silvestrii(sic) Cassagnau, P in Delamare Deboutteville, C et Rapoport, E, 1963:127 ISS
             Syn.: Dicranocentrus silvestri(sic) Abrantes, EA, Bellini, BC, Bernardo, AN, Fernandes, LH, Mendonça, MC, Oliveira, EP, Queiroz, GC, Sautter, KD, Silveira, TC et Zeppelini, D, 2010:2 ISS
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus silvestrii Xisto, T et de Mendonça, MC, 2017:34 nd



Species simplex Yosii, R, 1959:41

Species singularis Mari Mutt, JA et Bhattacharjee, RK, 1980:168

Species solomonensis Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:68

Species spinosus Prabhoo, 1971

Species stachi (Denis, 1925) Handschin, 1929

             Syn.: Heteromurus major ssp. Stachi(sic) Stach, J, 1930:294 =? ISS
             Syn.: Dicranocentrus? Stachi(sic) Delamare Deboutteville, C, 1945:34 ISS

Species sundanensis Schött, 1925

             Syn.: Dicranocentrus sudanensis(sic) Jacquemart, S, 1980:5 ISS

Species termitophilus Handschin, 1924

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus termitophilus Xisto, T et de Mendonça, MC, 2017:34 nd
             Syn.: Dicranocentrus termithophilus(sic) Xisto, T et de Mendonça, MC, 2017:35 ISS

Species thaicus Yosii, 1961

Species violaceus Mari Mutt, JA, 1981:496

Species wangi Ma, YT et Chen, J-X, 2007:?

Species yoshiius Mari Mutt, JA, 1988:179

Species zebratus Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:106

            Syn.: Dicranocentrus sp. Mari Mutt, 1977
            Syn.: Dicranocentrus millsi Mari Mutt, 1981



Genus GenusnovnotDicranocentrus Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW et Bellini, BC, 2016:154

Species pilosus (Mari Mutt JA in Mari Mutt, JA & Bhattacharjee, RK, 1980:168) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:154


Genus GenusnovnrDicranocentrus Greenslade, P et Jordana, R, 2014:561

Species sp. Greenslade, P et Jordana, R, 2014:561


Genus Pseudodicranocentrus Mari Mutt, JA, 1981:91 key

  Syn.: Dicranocentrus circulatus Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:6,gr


Species christianseni (Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:21) Mari Mutt, JA, 1981:93

Species circulatus (Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:21) Mari Mutt, JA, 1981:93, t.t.

Species niger Mari Mutt, JA, 1984:816


Genus Heteromurus Wankel, 1860 nc Opinion 1064, 1976

  Syn.: Podura Ptenura Templeton, 1844
  Syn.: Podurelles(sic) Heteroma(sic) Nicolet, H, 1847:366 ISS
  Syn.: Poduridæ(sic) Templetonia Lubbock, J, 1862:595
  Syn.: Entomobryinae Typhlopodura Absolon, K, 1900:428
  Syn.: ... Heteromurodes Absolon, 1901
  Syn.: Heteromurini Heteromuroder(sic) Mari Mutt, JA, 1980:456 ISS
  Syn.: ... Euheteromurus Börner, 1901
  Syn.: ... Propemesira Salmon, 1942
  Syn.: ... Troglosinella Salmon, 1955, nec Delamare Deboutteville, 1949
  Syn.: ... Heteromurtella Mari Mutt, 1979
  Syn.: Entomobryomorpha Desoria? Wynne, JJ, Boyero Gallardo, JR, Hershauer, S, Huerta, OT, Martín, RF, Cuenca Rodriguez, J, París, M et Pardo-Igúzquiza, E, 2018:3
  Syn.: Isotomidae Desoria? Wynne, JJ, Boyero Gallardo, JR, Hershauer, S, Huerta, OT, Martín, RF, Cuenca Rodriguez, J, París, M et Pardo-Igúzquiza, E, 2018:27


  Syn.: Collembola Heteromuris(sic) Christiansen, K, 1958:475 ISS
Remark by ICZN. 2007:384: Placed on the Official List of Names in Zoology. Opinion 1064.

Heteromurus sp. from Russia
2008.10.21 © Macroclub.ru
Heteromurus major from the UK
With 5 secondary antennal segments
2009.07.26 © Barton, T.


  Syn.: Collembola Hetermurus(sic) Mejía-Recamier, BE, Palacios-Vargas, JG et Franco, A, 2012:27 ISS
  Syn.: Heteromurini Heterumurus(sic) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW et Bellini, BC, 2016:155 ISS
Heteromurus sp. from the USA
Abd.4 shorter than 2 times abd.3
2016.11.28 © Dobbs, Br.



Species sp.1 Shaw P, 2012:il

            Syn.: Heteromurus nitidus Hopkin SP, 2004:il
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
2004 © Hopkin, S.P.




Heteromurus nr nitidus from the UK
Descaled revealing intrinsic pigmentation
2012.04.23 © Shaw, P.
Heteromurus nr nitidus from Hungary
Dark intrinsic pigmentation
2012.05.21 © Lásló, D.
Heteromurus nr nitidus from the UK
2013.01.23 © Cobby, P.
Heteromurus nr nitidus from the UK
Dark intrinsic pigmentation
2017.04.17 © Cann, A.J.
Heteromurus nr nitidus from the UK
With dark facial mask
2017.04.17 © Cann, A.J.
Heteromurus nr nitidus from the UK
2018.11.16 © Uncle, F.
Heteromurus nr nitidus from the UK
With pale streaks on mesothorax
2018.11.16 © Uncle, F.
Heteromurus nitidus from Croatia
After Deharveng L in Lukic M, 2019 Fig.4D

Species sp.2 Janssens F & Dobbs B, 2016

Heteromurus sp. from the USA
2016.11.28 © Dobbs, Br.

Species sp.3 Greenslade, P et Jordana, R, 2014:561

Species sp.4 Greenslade, P et Jordana, R, 2014:561

Species brevicornis Bonet, 1934

Species caophongensis Nguyen, 1995

Species dallaii Nosek & Paoletti, 1981

Species dogieli (Philiptschenko, 1926) Denis, 1933

Species fuscatus (Koch, CL & Berendt, GC in Berendt, GC, 1854:119) -

Podura fuscata from Baltic amber
After Koch CL & Berendt GC, 1845 Tab.XV Fig.127

Species gigans Mari Mutt, JA et Stomp, N, 1980:183

Species major (Moniez, 1889) Handschin, E, 1942:426, B

            Syn.: Podura teres Linnæus, C, 1746:342
            Syn.: Podura plumbea Linnaeus, C, 1761:473
            Syn.: Podura (Longæ) plumbea Geoffroy, M, 1762:610
            Syn.: Podura (Longæ) plumbea Geoffroy, M, 1764:610
            Syn.: Podura plumbeo(sic) de Geer, C, 1778:31
Podura corpore teriti nigrocaeruleo plumbeo
from Sweden
After de Geer, C., 1778 Tom.VII Pl.3 Fig.1.

            Syn.: pondura(sic) plumbea de Bomare, V, 1780:296
            Syn.: Podura plumbea Fabricius, JC, 1793:66
            Syn.: Podura plumbea Fabricius, JC, 1796:138
            Syn.: Podura (Longæ) plumbea Geoffroy, M, 1799:610
            Syn.: Podura plumbea Walckenær, CA, 1802:4
            Syn.: Podura plumbea Latreille, PA, 1806:166
            Syn.: Podura (Podura) plumbea Latreille, X in Cuvier, G, 1817:162
            Syn.: Podura plumbea de Lamarck, M, 1818:21
            Syn.: Podura plumbea Latreille, Le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau, Serville et Guérin in Latreille, M, 1825:167
            Syn.: Podura (Longæ) violacea Geoffroy, M, 1762:611
            Syn.: Heteromurus caerulescens Börner, 1903
             Syn.: Heteromurus coerulescens(sic) Handschin, E, 1942:426 ISS
             Syn.: Heteromurus Coerulescens(sic) Handschin, E, 1942:426 ISS
            Syn.: Heteromurus melitensis Stach, J, 1924:115
Heteromurus melitensis from Malta
After Stach J, 1924 Taf.I Fig.13

             Syn.: Heteromurus melittensis(sic) Handschin, E, 1942:425 ISS
             Syn.: Heteromurus Melittensis(sic) Handschin, E, 1942:426 ISS
            Syn.: Heteromurus mexicanus Handschin, 1928
            Syn.: Lepidocyrtus lundbladi Agrell, 1939
            Syn.: Heteromurus caucasicus Tshelnokov in Martynova, Tshelnokov & Rasulova, 1974



Heteromurus major from Malta
After Stach J, 1967 Pl.XXXIII Fig.1
Heteromurus (Heteromurus) major
After Mari Mutt, J.A., 1980 Fig.2
Heteromurus (Heteromurus) major
After Mari Mutt, J.A., 1980 Fig.3
Heteromurus major from the UK
2004 © Hopkin, S.P.
Heteromurus major from the UK
2004 © Hopkin, S.P.
Heteromurus major from the UK
2004 © Hopkin, S.P.
Heteromurus major from the UK
2006 © Barton, T.
Heteromurus major from France
2006 © Boldsystems.org
Heteromurus major from the UK
2007 © Cornwall, N.J.
Heteromurus major from Portugal
2007.02.25 © Almeida, J.
Heteromurus major from the UK
2007.03.14 © Barton, T.
Heteromurus major from the UK
2007.09.03 © Barton, T.
Heteromurus major from the UK, juvenile
2007.09.13 © Barton, T.
Heteromurus major from the UK, juvenile
2008.04.27 © Barton, T.
Heteromurus major from the Netherlands
2008.09.16 © Baas, A.H.
Heteromurus major from the Netherlands
2008.10.03 © Baas, A.H.
Heteromurus major from Hungary
2008.10.23 © Keresztes, G.
Heteromurus major from Holland
2011.08.01 © van Duinen, J.
Heteromurus major from Canada
2011.09.20 © Hochhalter, R.
Heteromurus major from the UK
2012.01.25 © Barton, T.
Heteromurus major from the UK
2012.01.25 © Barton, T.
Heteromurus major from La Palma
2012.12.02 © Barton, T.
Heteromurus major from France
2012.12.30 © Sandra.
Heteromurus major juv. from Holland
2013.02.17 © van Duinen, J.
Heteromurus major juv. from Holland
2013.02.25 © van Duinen, J.
Heteromurus major from France
Annulated apical antennal segment
2013.03.16 © Sandra.
Heteromurus major from the UK
Ant.1 subdivided in two parts (1a-1b)
2014.11.14 © Barton, T.
Heteromurus major from France
Relative short 4th abdominal segment
2014.11.23 © Quintin, C.
Heteromurus major from Belgium
2016.01.28 © Huskens, M.-L.
Heteromurus major from Greece
2016.12.16 © Dimitrakopoulos, C.
Heteromurus major from Spain
Ant.1 with basal subdivision (*)
2017.01.01 © Tizon, J.
Heteromurus major from Spain
2017.01.01 © Tizon, J.
Heteromurus major from Belgium
Body scales apically rounded
2017.01.22 © Huskens, M.-L.
Heteromurus major from Belgium
Eyepatch with 4+2 ocelli
2017.01.22 © Huskens, M.-L.
Heteromurus major from Holland
Interocular area with many macrosetae
2019.02.27 © Kamsteeg, G.
Heteromurus major juv. from Holland
Interocular area with many macrosetae
2019.02.27 © Kamsteeg, G.

Species nitidus (Templeton, R in Templeton, R & Westwood, JO, 1836:94) Megnin, 1888, B

Podura nitida from Ireland
After Templeton, R, 1836 Pl.XI Fig.5
            Syn.: Podura crystallina Müller OF, 1776
             Syn.: Heterotoma cristallina(sic) Bourlet, C, 1839:396 ISS
             Syn.: Podura cristallina(sic) Bourlet, C, 1839:396 ISS
            Syn.: Heteroma(sic) crystallina Nicolet, H, 1847:366
Templetonia crystallina from the UK
After Lubbock, J., 1873 Pl.20.
Templetonia crystallina from the UK
After Beck J in Lubbock J, 1873 Pl.69


            Syn.: Degeeria margaritacea Nicolet, H, 1842:75
            Syn.: Heteromurus nitidus f. margaritarius Wankel, 1860
             Syn.: Heteromurus nitidus ssp. margaritaria(sic) Jordana, R et Baquero, E, 2010:364 ISS
            Syn.: Lepidocyrtus Albinos(sic) McIntire, SJ, 1867:57
Templetonia nitida from the UK
After McIntire SJ, 1867 Fig.46
After McIntire SJ, 1868
Templetonia nitida from the UK
After McIntire SJ, 1867 Fig.47
After McIntire SJ, 1868


             Syn.: Lepidocyrtus albinos(sic) Packard, AS, 1869:625 ISS
Lepidocyrtus albinos(sic) from Europe
After Packard AS, 1869 Fig.620
Lepidocyrtus albinos(sic) from Europe
Scale thin with distinct markings
After Packard AS, 1869 Fig.621


             Syn.: Lepidocyrtus albinos(sic) Packard, AS, 1872:625 ISS
             Syn.: Lepidocyrtus albinos(sic) Packard, AS, 1889:625 ISS
            Syn.: Lepidocyrtus marmoratus Packard, AS, 1873:36
            Syn.: Heteromurus albus Joseph, 1881
            Syn.: Tomocerus niveus Joseph, 1882,sd
            Syn.: Tomocerus Doderii(sic) Parona, 1888,sd
             Syn.: ... doderoi(sic) Gisin, 1960 ISS
            Syn.: Templetonia americana Harvey, 1892
            Syn.: Sinella cavernicola Carpenter, 1895
            Syn.: Templetonia quadrioculata Schött, 1896
            Syn.: Heteromurus hirsutus Absolon, K, 1899:495
            Syn.: Heteromurus margaritatus Carpenter, 1902
            Syn.: Heteromurus tetrophthalmus Börner, 1903
            Syn.: Heteromurus tetrophthalmus Stach, J, 1924:109
             Syn.: Heteromurus tatraphthalmus(sic) Denis, 1930 ISS
            Syn.: Heteromurus nitidus var. paucodentatus(sic) Stach, J, 1930:271 IOS
            Syn.: Heteromurus nitidus var. paucidentatus Stach, J, 1930:295
            Syn.: Heteromurus gradgensis Denis, 1933
            Syn.: Heteromurus nitidus ssp. albicans Durkop, 1934
            Syn.: Heteromurus nitidus ssp. brevicornis Bonet, 1934
            Syn.: Heteromurus nitidus f. quadriocellata Kseneman, M, 1935:14
             Syn.: Pseudosinella Kemneri(sic) Agrell, I, 1936:27 ISS
            Syn.: Pseudosinella Kemneri(sic) var. tridentata Agrell, I, 1936:29
            Syn.: Propemesira duo-oculata(sic) Salmon, 1942
             Syn.: Propemesira duoculata(sic) Mari Mutt, JA, 1980:37 ISS
            Syn.: Heteromurus nitidus ssp. armapollerae Massera, 1952
            Syn.: Heteromurus nitidus var. callaticola Gruia, 1965
            Syn.: Pseudosinella suboculata Arbea, JI, 2017:408 partim
            Syn.: Desoria? sp. Wynne, JJ, Boyero Gallardo, JR, Hershauer, S, Huerta, OT, Martín, RF, Cuenca Rodriguez, J, París, M et Pardo-Igúzquiza, E, 2018:3
Desoria(?) sp. from Spain
After Wynne JJ & al, 2018 Fig.1C




             Syn.: Isotoma Nitidum(sic) Kolenati, FA, 1858:133 ISS
            Syn.: Heteromurus nitidus Stach, J, 1924:109
             Syn.: Heteromurus nitida(sic) Salmon, JT, 1945:70 ISS
             Syn.: Heteromurus nididus(sic) Godissart, J et Delhez, F, 1969:38,B ISS
             Syn.: Isotoma nitidens(sic) Mari Mutt, JA, 1980:36 ISS
             Syn.: Heteromurus nitida(sic) Poole in Poole & Gentili, 1997 ISS
Heteromurus nitidus from Belgium
2004 © Vuijlsteke, M.
Heteromurus nitidus from Belgium
2006 © Vuijlsteke, M.
Heteromurus nitidus from Germany
2006.12.26 © Kohl, F.
Heteromurus nitidus from Germany
2006.12.26 © Kohl, F.
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
2007.11.10 © Valentine., B
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
2008.01.17 © Valentine., B
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
2008.01.17 © Valentine., B
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
2008.04.09 © Spears, G.
Heteromurus nitidus from Belgium
2008.06.09 © Vuijlsteke, M.
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
2008.11.15 © Valentine., B
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
2008.11.19 © Valentine., B
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
2009.09.26 © Valentine., B
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
2011.02.26 © Valentine., B
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
2012.06.12 © Murray, A.
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
Small reddish eyepatch
2012.07.18 © Jones, A.
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
Antenna
2012.07.30 © Murray, A.
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
2012.08.23 © Murray, A.
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
2012.09.12 © Jones, A.
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
Ribbed scales
2012.12.20 © Prior, F.
Heteromurus nitidus from Slovakia
Annulated apical antennal segment
2013.11.05 © Rahmé, N.
Heteromurus nitidus from Spain
Ant.1 subdivided; reddish eyes
2015.06.30 © Miralles, A.
Heteromurus nitidus from Holland
Predated by Acari
2015.10.11 © Heemskerk, R.
Heteromurus nitidus from the USA
Ribbed scales
2016.07.07 © Raymond-Léonard, J.L.
Heteromurus nitidus from the USA
Mucro with back-tilted subapical tooth, and basal spine
2016.07.08 © Raymond-Léonard, J.L.
Heteromurus nitidus from Belgium
2016.12.04 © Huskens, M.-L.
Heteromurus nitidus from Holland
Ant.1 subdivided (*)
2017.07.17 © Kamsteeg, G.
Heteromurus nitidus from the UK
Mucro with back-tilted subapical tooth, and basal spine
2019.02.05 © Cann, A.J.





Species noseki Mari Mutt, JA et Stomp, N, 1980:186

Heteromurus noseki from Portugal
After Mari Mutt JA & Stomp N, 1980 Fig.3C

Species peyerimhoffi Denis, 1937

Species pulcher (Koch, CL & Berendt, GC in Berendt, GC, 1854:119) -

Podura pulchra from Baltic amber
After Koch CL & Berendt GC, 1845 Tab.XV Fig.128

Species sexoculatus Brown, JM, 1926:213

            Syn.: Heteromurus hexophthalmus Denis, 1948


Species sinensis Liu & Li, 1999

Species uzicensis (Lucic & Curcic, 2002) Lucic & al., 2002

Species variabilis Martynova in Martynova, Tshelnokov & Rasulova, 1974

Heteromurus (Heteromurus) variabilis
After Mari Mutt, J.A., 1980 Fig.9



Genus Falcomurus Mandal, GP, 2018:75

Species chilikaensis Mandal, GP, 2018:77, t.t.

Falcomurus chilikaensis from India
After Mandal GP, 2018 Fig.1


Genus Verhoeffiella Absolon, K, 1900:429

  Syn.: Entomobryinae Typhlopodura Absolon, K, 1900:428


Verhoeffiella sp. from Croatia
2010.11.19 © Lukic, M.

Species absoloni Kseneman, 1938

Species anagastumensis (Lucic LR in Lucic, LR, Tomic, VT, Brajkovic, MM & Curcic, SB, 2008:298) Lukic, M, Delic, T, Zagmajster, M & Deharveng, L, 2018:1146

Heteromurus (Verhoeffiella) anagastumensis from Montenegro
After Lucic LR et al, 2008 Fig.1

Species cavicola Absolon, K, 1900:430, t.t.

Verhoeffiella cavicola from Bosnia and Herzegovina
After Lukic M in Lukic M & al, 2018 Fig.1D
Verhoeffiella cavicola from Bosnia and Herzegovina
After Lukic M in Lukic M & al, 2018 Fig.2D

Species constantinellus Curcic BPM et Lucic LR in Lucic, LR, Curcic, BPM et Mitic, BM, 2007:67P

Species constantius (Curcic BPM & Lucic LR in Lucic, LR, Curcic, BPM & Tomic, VT, 2007:72P) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:155

Heteromurus (Verhoeffiella) constantius from Herzegovina
After Lucic LR & al, 2007 Fig.1

Species dallaii (Nosek, J & Paoletti, MG, 1985:271) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:155

             Syn.: Verhoeffiella dallai(sic) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW et Bellini, BC, 2016:155 ISS

Species gamae (Lukic, Porco, Bedos & Deharveng, 2015) Lukic, M, Delic, T, Zagmajster, M & Deharveng, L, 2018:1146

Species hispanicus (Bonet, F, 1931:354) Salmon, JT, 1964:478

            Syn.: Heteromurus (Verhoeffiella) hispanica(sic) Bonet, F, 1931:354 IOS


             Syn.: Heteromurus (Verhoeffiella) hispanica(sic) Lucic, LR, Curcic, BPM et Tomic, VT, 2007:71P ISS
             Syn.: Heteromurus (Verhoeffiella) hispanica(sic) Lucic, LR, Tomic, VT, Brajkovic, MM et Curcic, SB, 2008:298 ISS



Species longicornis (Absolon, K, 1900:428) Thibaud, J-M & Deharveng, L in Jubertie, C & Decu, V, 1994:268

Heteromurus (Verhoeffiella) longicornis from Austria
After Absolon K, 1900
Verhoeffiella longicornis from Croatia
2010.11.19 © Bedek, J.
Verhoeffiella longicornis from Austria
After Absolon K, 1900 in Cipola NG & al, 2016 Fig.2
Verhoeffiella longicornis from Bosnia and Herzegovina
After Lukic M in Lukic M & al, 2018 Fig.1A
Verhoeffiella longicornis from Bosnia and Herzegovina
After Lukic M in Lukic M & al, 2018 Fig.2A
Verhoeffiella longicornis from Croatia
Predated by Stalagtia hercegovinenensis
After Bedek J in Lukic M, 2019 Fig.1C

Species margusi Lucic M et Deharveng L in Lukic, M, Delic, T, Zagmajster, M et Deharveng, L, 2018:1145

Verhoeffiella margusi from Croatia
After Lukic M in Lukic M & al, 2018 Fig.1F
Verhoeffiella margusi from Croatia
After Lukic M in Lukic M & al, 2018 Fig.2F

            Syn.: Verhoeffiella sp. Margus & al, 2012
            Syn.: Verhoeffiella sp. Margus & al, 2013


Species media Loksa & Bogojevic, 1967

             Syn.: Verhoeffiella medius(sic) Lukic, M, Delic, T, Zagmajster, M et Deharveng, L, 2018:1146 ISS
             Syn.: Verhoeffiella medius(sic) Lukic, M, Delic, T, Zagmajster, M et Deharveng, L, 2018:1147 ISS

Species milosi Lucic M et Deharveng L in Lukic, M, Delic, T, Zagmajster, M et Deharveng, L, 2018:1153

Verhoeffiella milosi from Montenegro
After Lukic M in Lukic M & al, 2018 Fig.1E
Verhoeffiella milosi from Montenegro
After Lukic M in Lukic M & al, 2018 Fig.2E

Species polychaetosa Lucic M et Deharveng L in Lukic, M, Delic, T, Zagmajster, M et Deharveng, L, 2018:1155

Verhoeffiella polychaetosa from Bosnia and Herzegovina
After Lukic M in Lukic M & al, 2018 Fig.1B
Verhoeffiella polychaetosa from Bosnia and Herzegovina
After Lukic M in Lukic M & al, 2018 Fig.2B

Species verdemontana Lucic M et Deharveng L in Lukic, M, Delic, T, Zagmajster, M et Deharveng, L, 2018:1151

Verhoeffiella verdemontana from Bosnia and Herzegovina
After Lukic M in Lukic M & al, 2018 Fig.1C
Verhoeffiella verdemontana from Bosnia and Herzegovina
After Lukic M in Lukic M & al, 2018 Fig.2C



Genus Alloscopus Börner, C, 1906:177 key  key

  Syn.: ... Indoscopus Prabhoo, 1971


Species aspinosus (Prabhoo, 1971) Yoshii, R & Suhardjono, YR, 1989:64

Species deharvengi (Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:338) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:160

            Syn.: Alloscopus tetracanthus Yosii, 1959 =?


Species fallax Yoshii, R et Suhardjno, YR, 1992:35

Species multispinatus (Mari Mutt, JA, 1982:86) Yoshii, R & Suhardjno, YR, 1992:34

            Syn.: Heteromurus (Alloscopus) tenuicornis Handschin, 1925 =?


Species spinosus (Prabhoo, 1971) Yoshii, R & Suhardjono, YR, 1989:64

Species strebeli Winter, 1966

            Syn.: Alloscopus strebeli Winter, 1963 nn


Species tenuicornis (Börner, C, 1906:177) Handschin, 1928, t.t.

            Syn.: Templetonia sp. Oudemans, 1890 =?
            Syn.: Alloscopus tetracanthus Yosii, 1960 =?
            Syn.: Alloscopus tetracanthus Gapud, 1971
            Syn.: Heteromurus yosiius Yoshii, R et Suhardjono, YR, 1989:64


            Syn.: Heteromurus (Alloscopus) tenuicornis Stach, J, 1924:109

Species tetracanthus (Börner, C, 1906:177) Handschin, 1928

            Syn.: Heteromurus (Alloscopus) tetracantha(sic) Börner, C, 1906:177 IOS
            Syn.: Templetonia sp. Oudemans, JT in Weber, M, 1890:88


             Syn.: Heteromurus tetracantha(sic) Imms, 1912 ISS
             Syn.: Heteromurus (Alloscopus) tetracantha(sic) Stach, J, 1924:109 ISS
             Syn.: Alloscopus tetracantha(sic) Prabhoo, 1969 ISS
             Syn.: Alloscopus tetracantha(sic) Yoshii & Yayuk, 1989 ISS
             Syn.: Heteromurus (Alloscopus) tetracantha(sic) Mandal, GP et Hazra, AK, 2009:68 ISS
             Syn.: Alloscopus tetracantha(sic) Mandal, GP et Hazra, AK, 2009:68 ISS
             Syn.: Alloscopus tetracantha(sic) Mandal, GP et Hazra, AK, 2009:72 ISS
             Syn.: Alloscopus tetracantha(sic) Mandal, GP et Hazra, AK, 2009:76 ISS
             Syn.: Alloscopus tetracantha(sic) Mandal, GP et Hazra, AK, 2009:80 ISS
             Syn.: Alloscopus tetracantha(sic) Mandal, GP et Hazra, AK, 2009:115 ISS
             Syn.: Alloscopus tetracantha(sic) Mandal, GP et Hazra, AK, 2009:125 ISS
             Syn.: Alloscopus tetracantha(sic) Mandal, GP et Hazra, AK, 2009:127 ISS
             Syn.: Alloscopus tetracantha(sic) Mandal, GP et Hazra, AK, 2009:128 ISS
             Syn.: Alloscopus tetracantha(sic) Mandal, GP et Hazra, AK, 2009:205 ISS
Alloscopus tetracantha(sic) from India
After Mandal GP & Hazra AK, 2009 Fig.75a





Species thailandensis (Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:336) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:161

Species yosiius (Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:336) Yayuk, RS (sic), 1989:19


Genus Heteromurtrella Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:214 key  key

  Syn.: Heteromurini Alloscopus Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW et Bellini, BC, 2016:157 lapsus


Heteromurtrella sp. from the Philipinnes
2009.03.26 © Tamayo, A.
Heteromurtrella sp. from the Philipinnes
2009.03.26 © Tamayo, A.
Heteromurtrella sp. from the Philipinnes
2009.03.26 © Tamayo, A.

  Syn.: Heteromurini Heterumurtrella(sic) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW et Bellini, BC, 2016:165 ISS
  Syn.: Heteromurini Heteromutrella(sic) Mandal, GP, 2018:83 ISS


Species abrupta (Salmon, 1951) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:165

            Syn.: Heteromurus? sp. Yayuk, RS(sic), 1989:19


Species affinis (Mari Mutt, JA, 1987:575) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:166

Species anae Cipola NG in Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW et Bellini, BC, 2016:175

Heteromurtrella anae from Brazil
After Cipola NG in Cipola NG & al, 2016 Fig.22

Species barrai (Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:221) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:166

            Syn.: Heteromurus mirificus Barra, 1968 nec Salmon, 1954


Species caeca (Najt, J, Thibaud, J-M & Mari Mutt, JA, 1988:560) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:166

Species diommata (Denis, 1931) Palacios-Vargas, 1992

Species dubia (Delamare Deboutteville in Delamare Deboutteville & Paulian, 1952) Castaño-Meneses, G, Palacios-Vargas, JG & do Carmo, AFR, 2015:392

            Syn.: Heteromurus dubius Delamare Deboutteville, 1948a nn
            Syn.: Heteromurus dubius Delamare Deboutteville, 1948b nn
            Syn.: Heteromurus dubius Delamare Deboutteville, 1951a nn
            Syn.: Heteromurus dubius Delamare Deboutteville, 1951b nn


             Syn.: Ptenura dubius(sic) Salmon, JT, 1964:479 ISS

Species echinata (Mari Mutt, JA, 1983:158) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:165

             Syn.: Heteromurtrella echinatus(sic) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW et Bellini, BC, 2016:167 ISS

Species greensladeae (Mari Mutt, JA, 1987:572) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:167

Species livida (Salmon, 1954) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:172

Species mirifica (Salmon, 1954) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:172

Species nitens (Yosii, R, 1964:14) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:172

Heteromurus (Heteromurtrella) nitens from the Galagapos
After Katz AD et al, 2016 Fig.5A

Species pruinosa (Mari Mutt, JA, 1983:163) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:172

Species puertoricensis (Mari Mutt, JA, 1979:220) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:173, t.t.

Heteromurtrella puertoricensis from Puerto Rico
After Mari Mutt JA, 1979 in Cipola NG & al, 2016 Fig.3

Species schoetti (Denis, 1931) Palacios-Vargas, 1992

            Syn.: Heteromurus schoetti f. tridentata Denis, 1931
            Syn.: Heteromurus schoetti f. quadridentata Denis, 1931
            Syn.: Heteromurus bidentatus Denis, 1931
            Syn.: Heteromurus nitidus Winter, 1963


Species similis (Barra, 1968) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:173

Species stannardi (Mari Mutt, JA, 1976:326) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:173

Species subdubia (Barra, 1968) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:174

             Syn.: Heteromurus subduvius(sic) Mari Mutt, JA, 1976:326 ISS

Species tihuiensis (Mari Mutt, JA, 1985:145) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:174

Species zairensis (Chelnokov, 1977) Cipola, NG, de Lima Oliveira, FG, de Morais, JW & Bellini, BC, 2016:174


Tribus Mastigocerini Mari Mutt, 1980


Genus Mastigoceras Handschin, 1924

Species camponoti Handschin, 1924, t.t.


References