http://www.collembola.org/taxa/smi2inae.htm - Last updated on 2017.04.13 by Frans Janssens
Checklist of the Collembola: Sminthurinae

Subfamilia Sminthurinae Lubbock, 1862, sensu Deharveng, L, 2004:427
Genus Number
of species
Allacma (Allacma)8
Allacma (Trochopilosa)1
Allacma9
Archeallacma1
Austrosminthurus1
Brevimucronus1
Caprainea2
Dietersminthurus1
Disparrhopalites2
Galeriella1
Gisinurus2
Grinnellia2
Janusius3
Katiannasminthurus1
Mucrovirga1
Novokatianna4
Pararrhopalites13
Richardsitas2
Sminthurconus2
Sminthuricinus4
Sminthurus94
Soqotrasminthurus2
Spatulosminthurus6
Temeritas41
Varelasminthurus1
Sminthurinae196
Genera with number of species
  Syn.: Sminthurides pseudoviolaceus Scott, 1964
Sminthurinae from Russia
2006 © Macroclub.ru.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2007.04.30 © Cowen, R.


Genus Grinnellia Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:319, -
Species sp. Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:321, -
Species ventis Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:320, -
Grinnellia ventis in Cretaceous amber
from the Dominican Republic
2006 © Christiansen, K. & Nascimbene, P.
Grinnellia ventis reconstruction
from the Dominican Republic
2006 © Christiansen, K. & Nascimbene, P.


Genus Mucrovirga Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:325, -
Species incompleta Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:326, -

Genus Sminthurconus Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:328, -
Species grimaldi Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:323, -
Species sp. Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:329, -

Genus Sminthuricinus Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:321, -
Species deceptus Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:323, -
            Syn.: Sminthuricinus decepta(sic) Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:323,- IOS
Species sp. Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:325, -
Species sp. Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:325, -
Species sp. Christiansen, KA et Nascimbene, P, 2006:325, -

Genus Brevimucronus Christiansen, KA et Pike, E, 2002:179, -
Species anomalus Christiansen, KA et Pike, E, 2002:179, -

Genus Archeallacma Sánchez-García, A et Engel, MS, 2016:12, -
Species dolichopoda Sánchez-García, A et Engel, MS, 2016:12, -
Archeallacma dolichopoda in Cretaceous amber from Spain
After Sánchez-García A & Engel MS, 2016 Fig.8AB


Genus Katiannasminthurus Sánchez-García, A et Engel, MS, 2016:16, -
Species xenopygus Sánchez-García, A et Engel, MS, 2016:16, -
Katiannasminthurus xenopygus in Cretaceous amber from Spain
After Sánchez-García A & Engel MS, 2016 Fig.12

            Syn.: Sminthurus? sp. Simón-Benito, Ortuño & Espantaleón, 2002 -

Genus Pararrhopalites Bonet, F et Tellez, C, 1947:193
  Syn.: Sminthuridae Parropalites(sic) Greenslade, P, 2013:46 ISS
Species anops Bonet, F et Tellez, C, 1947:194, t.t.
Species christianseni (Palacios-Vargas, JG & Zeppelini, D, 1996:20) Zeppelini, D, 2006:7
Species ecuadorensis Bretfeld & Trinklein, 2000
Species fasciatus (Salmon, 1951) Betsch, 1980
Species hennigi (Palacios-Vargas, JG & Zeppelini, D, 1996:16) Zeppelini, D, 2006:4
            Syn.: Arrhopalites hennigius(sic) Palacios-Vargas, JG et Zeppelini, D, 1996:16 IOS
             Syn.: Arrhopalites hennigius(sic) Mari Mutt, JA et Bellinger, PF, 1996:172 ISS
             Syn.: Arrhopalites hennigius(sic) Zeppelini Filho, D, 1996:33 ISS
             Syn.: Arrhopalites (Novarrhopalites) hennigius(sic) Zeppelini Filho, D, 1996:58 ISS
             Syn.: Arrhopalites hennigius(sic) Zeppelini Filho, D, [1997]:12 ISS
             Syn.: Arrhopalites hennigius(sic) Zeppelini Filho, D, 1997:122 ISS
             Syn.: Arrhopalites hennigius(sic) Zeppelini, DF et Palacios-Vargas JG, 1999:80 ISS
             Syn.: Arrhopalites hennigius(sic) Baquero, E, Herrando-Pérez, S et Jordana, R, 2005:86 ISS
             Syn.: Arrhopalites hennigii(sic) Zeppelini, D, 2006:2 ISS
             Syn.: Arrhopalites hennigius(sic) Palacios-Vargas, JG, 2006:9 ISS
             Syn.: Pararrhopalites hennigii(sic) Zeppelini, D, 2006:4 ISS
Species indianus Baijal & Agarwal, 1972
Species noonae Lawrence, 1968
Species oculatus Bonet, F et Tellez, C, 1947:198
Species papaveroi (Zeppelini, DF & Palacios-Vargas JG, 1999:78) Zeppelini, D, 2006:10
Species popei Lawrence, PN, 1968:329
Pararrhopalites popei from the South Pacific
After Lawrence PN, 1968 Fig.4

Species villiersi (Delamare Deboutteville, C et Massoud, Z, 1964:83)
Sminthurotheca villiersi from Angola
After Delamare Deboutteville C & Massoud Z, 1964 Planche I Fig.B

Species wallacei (Palacios-Vargas, JG & Zeppelini, D, 1996:18) Zeppelini, D, 2006:6
             Syn.: Arrhopalites walacei(sic) Mari Mutt, JA et Bellinger, PF, 1996:172 ISS
Species yinae Itoh & Zhao, 2000

Genus Temeritas Richards WR in Delamare Deboutteville, C et Massoud, Z, 1963:276
Species sp.2 Janssens F & Murray A, 2015
Temeritas sp. from Tasmania
2015.12.15 © Murray, A.

Species amazonensis Arlé & Oliveira, 1977
Species ambohitantelensis Betsch, 2000
Species ambrensis Betsch, 2000
Species ampasimbensis Betsch, J-M, 1980:162
Temeritas ampasimbensis from Madagascar
After Betsch J-M, 1980 Fig.52D.

Species andranobensis Betsch, 2000
Species angolensis Delamare Deboutteville, C et Massoud, Z, 1964:76
Temeritas angolensis from Angola
After Delamare Deboutteville C & Massoud Z, 1964 Planche I Fig.C

Species anjozorobensis Betsch, 2000
Species ankarafantsikensis Betsch, J-M, 1980:159
Temeritas ankarafantsikensis from Madagascar
After Betsch J-M, 1980 Fig.52B.

Species anosyennensis Betsch, J-M, 1980:164
Temeritas anosyennensis from Madagascar
After Betsch J-M, 1980 Fig.52G.

Species antongilensis Betsch, J-M, 1980:159
Temeritas antongilensis from Madagascar
After Betsch J-M, 1980 Fig.52C.

Species bergensis Betsch, J-M, 1980:156
Temeritas bergensis from Madagascar
After Betsch J-M, 1980 Fig.52A.

Species bharatensis Baijal & Kohli, 1972
Species caatingae Arlé & Oliveira, 1977
Species daneghanensis Bretfeld, G, 2005:46
Temeritas-daneghanebsis from Yemen
After Bretfeld G, 2005 Fig.87

Species denisi (Womersley, 1934) Wallace, 1974
            Syn.: Sminthurus denisii(sic) Womersley, 1934 IOS
            Syn.: Sminthurus longicornis Womersley H, 1932:38, nec Joseph, 1882
            Syn.: Sminthurus longicornis Womersley H, 1932:38, nec Schött, 1896
             Syn.: Temeritas denisii(sic) Greenslade, P in Houston, WWK, 1994:135 ISS
Temeritas denisi from Australia
After Womersley in Greenslade P, 2013 Fig.2

             Syn.: Sminthurus denisii(sic) Greenslade, P, 2013:45 ISS
Species dimna Mandal, GP, Suman, KK et Bhattacharya, KK, 2016:49
Temeritas dimna from India
After Mandal GP, Suman KK & Bhattacharya KK, 2016 p.49 Img.1

Species iarakensis Betsch, 2000
Species isabellae Greenslade, P, 2013:46
Temeritas isabellae from Australia
After Greenslade P, 2013 Fig.4

            Syn.: Sminthurus elegans Womersley, 1933, nec Fitch, 1863
Sminthurus elegans from Australia
After Womersley H, 1939 Fig.74P

Temeritas isabellae from Australia
Mimicing spider posture
2017.03.24 © Steve & Alison

Species kilimandjarica (Wahlgren, 1908)
             Syn.: Arrhopalites kilimandjarensis(sic) Handschin, 1929 ISS
Species longipes (Börner, 1906)
Species macroceros (Denis, 1933) Delamare Deboutteville & Massoud, 1963, t.t.
             Syn.: Temeritas macrocerus(sic) Palacios-Vargas, JG, Castaño-Meneses, G et Gómez-Anaya, JA, 1998:50 ISS
Species mahorensis Betsch, 2000
Species mananteninensis Betsch, J-M, 1980:164
Temeritas mananteninensis from Madagascar
After Betsch J-M, 1980 Fig.52F.

Species mantasoensis Betsch, J-M, 1980:164
Species marojezensis Betsch, J-M, 1980:161
Species ormondae Arlé & Oliveira, 1977
Species perinetensis Betsch, J-M, 1980:162
Temeritas perinetensis from Madagascar
After Betsch J-M, 1980 Fig.52E.

Species pulla (Denis, 1933)
Species rapoporti Najt, 1969
Species regalis (Womersley, H, 1939:258) Najt, 1968
Sminthurus regalis from Australia
After Womersley H, 1939 Fig.74Q
Temeritas regalis from Australia
After Betsch J-M in Greenslade P, 2013 Fig.1

Species sahafarensis Betsch, 2000
Species sinensis Dallai & Fanciulli, 1985
Species soalalensis Betsch, J-M, 1980:156
Species summelongicornis (Uchida, H, 1965:90) Yosii, R, 1977:165
Species surinamensis Delamare Deboutteville, C et Massoud, Z, 1964:70
Temeritas surinamensis from Surinam
After Delamare Deboutteville C & Massoud Z, 1964 Planche I Fig.D

Species tamurai Itoh & Zhao, 2000
Species tsaratananensis Betsch, 2000
Species tucumanensis Delamare Deboutteville, C et Massoud, Z, 1963:278
Species venezuelensis Gómez Cova & Rapoport, 1972
Species womersleyi (Denis, 1948) Delamare Deboutteville & Massoud, 1963
             Syn.: Temeritas Womersleyi(sic) Delamare Deboutteville & Massoud, 1963 ISS
Temeritas womersleyi from the South Pacific
After Lawrence PN, 1968 Fig.10
Temeritas womersleyi from Asia
After Mari Mutt JA, 1978 Cover


Genus Allacma Börner, C, 1906:183
  Syn.: Sminthuridae Alacma(sic) Schliwa, W, 1965:447 ISS
Subgenus Allacma Börner, C, 1906:183 s.s.
Allacma fusca from Germany
Epicuticular ultrastructure
2006 © Schulz, H.-J. & Schubert H.D.
Allacma sp. from France
2007.06.09 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma sp. from France
2007.06.09 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma sp. from France
2008.11.03 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma sp. from France
2008.11.03 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma sp. from Hungary
2008.06.27 © Keresztes, G.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Ant.4 with about 15 subdivisions
2010.08.10 © Robertson, A.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Post-antennal seta (PAO)
2012.06.30 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma sp. from La Palma
2012.12.04 © Barton, T.
Allacma fusca juv. from the UK
Composed eye with 8 ocelli in perfect bilateral symmetric lay-out
2013.04.28 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca juv. from the UK
Bulby post-antennal seta (PAO)
2013.08.23 © Phillips, E.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Unguis with broad tunica
2013.11.18 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca from Germany
Slightly curved rough dorsal macroseta
2014.06.24 © Beck, K.
Allacma fusca from Germany
Composed eye with 8 pearly ocelli
2014.06.24 © Beck, K.
Allacma fusca from Germany
Ant.2 with long thick setae
2014.06.24 © Beck, K.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Ant.3 in basal half with long thick macrosetae
2014.07.14 © Nurcombe, E.


Species sp.1 Bernard, 2007
Allacma sp. nov. from the USA
2007.02.22 © Bernard, E.C.
Allacma sp. nov. from the USA
2007.02.22 © Bernard, E.C.
Allacma sp. nov. from the USA
2007.02.22 © Bernard, E.C.

Species dubia Börner, 1907
            Syn.: Corynephoria boerneri Salmon, JT, 1964:629
Species fusca (Linnæus, C, 1758:608) Börner, C, 1906:183, t.t., B
            Syn.: Podura globosa Linnæus, C, 1746:342
            Syn.: Podura (Globulosæ) fusco-nigra(sic) Geoffroy, M, 1762:607
             Syn.: Smynthurus(sic) Buskii(sic) Lubbock, 1862 ISS
             Syn.: Smynthurus(sic) Buskii(sic) Lubbock, J, 1870:295 ISS
            Syn.: Dicyrtoma fusca Parona, 1884
            Syn.: Sminthurus purpurascens Reuter, 1891
            Syn.: Sminthurus fuscus var. atra Scherbakov, AM, 1898:21
            Syn.: Sminthurus (Eusminthurus) fuscus var. albiceps Börner, C, 1901:119
Sminthurus fuscus var. albiceps
from Germany
After Börner C, 1901 Tafel I Fig.6
Allacma fusca var. albiceps from France
2007 © Benoit, R.
Allacma fusca var. albiceps ♂ from France
2008.11.03 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma fusca var. albiceps from France
2008.11.03 © Lebeaux, P.

            Syn.: Sminthurus pustulatus Krausbauer, 1902
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from France
After Nayrolles P, 1994 Fig.2
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from Sweden
2005 © Hall, K.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata)
2005 © Bellmann, H.
 
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from France
2005 © Locasso, S.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from Denmark
2006 © Fjellberg, A.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from France
2007.06.09 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from France
2007.06.09 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from France
2007.06.09 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from France
2007.07.19 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from France
2007.07.20 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from France
2007.08.08 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from France
2007.08.08 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from France
2007.09.25 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from Germany
2008.07.30 © Pageler, J.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from Germany
2008.07.30 © Pageler, J.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from the UK
2008.08.23 © Barton, T.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from Ukraine
2009.06.14 © Loboda., B
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from Sweden
2011.09.25 © Hall, K.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from the UK
2013.08.31 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from the UK
2013.09.29 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from Germany
2014.08.10 © Beck, K.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from Germany
2014.08.17 © Beck, K.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from the UK
2015.01.10 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from the UK
2015.10.07 © Ridgen, D.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from Canada
2015.10.20 © de Repentigny, L.-G.
Allacma fusca ♀ (= var. pustulata) from Belgium
2016.08.31 © Huskens, M.-L.


            Syn.: Allacma fusca var. picea Latzel, R, 1917:251
Allacma fusca f. picea from Sweden
2006 © Hall, K.
Allacma fusca f. picea from Holland
2016.10.03 © Belgers, D.


            Syn.: Allacma fusca var. pardalina Latzel, R, 1917:251
            Syn.: Allacma fusca ab. alba Stach, J, 1956:223
            Syn.: Allacma fusca ab. u-signata(sic) Stach, J, 1956:223
Allacma fusca from France
Aberration usignata
2005 © Locasso, S.
Allacma fusca from the USA
Aberration usignata
2006 © Murray, T.
Allacma fusca from Germany
Aberration usignata
2006.09.16 © Kohl, F.
Allacma fusca from Belgium
Aberration usignata
2007.06.30 © Janssens, F.
Allacma fusca from Germany
Aberration usignata
2007.07.18 © Peters, J.
Allacma fusca from Germany
Aberration usignata
2007.07.18 © Peters, J.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Aberration usignata
2007.08.03 © Botting, J.
Allacma fusca from Czechia
Aberration usignata
2007.08.11 © Krásenský P.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Aberration usignata
2007.08.25 © Kilford., B
Allacma fusca from Czechia
Aberration usignata
2007.09.09 © Krásenský P.
Allacma fusca from Czechia
Aberration usignata
2007.09.09 © Krásenský P.
Allacma fusca from Czechia
Aberration usignata
2007.09.09 © Krásenský P.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Aberration usignata
2007.10.12 © Kilford., B
Allacma fusca from the Netherlands
Aberration usignata
2007.10.13 © Baas, A.H.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Aberration usignata
2008.02.09 © Campbell, A.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Aberration usignata
2008.07.10 © Robertson, A.
Allacma fusca from the USA
Aberration usignata, pale form
2008.08.09 © Murray, T.
Allacma fusca ♀ from the USA
Aberration usignata
2008.08.10 © Murray, T.
Allacma fusca from Portugal
Aberration usignata
2008.09.23 © Almeida, J.
Allacma fusca from the Netherlands
Aberration usignata
2008.10.21 © Baas, A.H.
Allacma fusca from the USA
Aberration usignata
2009.06.24 © Murray, T.
Allacma fusca from Belgium
Aberration usignata
2009.09.25 © Mattelart, O.
Allacma fusca ♂ from Sweden
Aberration usignata
2009.12.23 © Halmen, J.
Allacma fusca from Holland
Aberration usignata
2013.08.08 © van Duinen, J.
Allacma fusca ♀ from Canada
Aberration usignata
2015.10.20 © de Repentigny, L.-G.


            Syn.: Sphyrotheca stachi Jeannenot, 1957
Podura fusca from Sweden
After de Geer, C., 1743 Tab.VII fig.2.
Podura fusca from Sweden
After de Geer, C., 1751 Tab.VII fig.2.
Smynthurus(sic) fuscus from the UK
After Lubbock J, 1873 Pl.2
Allacma fusca juv. from France
After Nayrolles P, 1994 Fig.1
Allacma fusca from Russia
2006 © Macroclub.ru.
Allacma fusca from the UK
2007.05.14 © Cornwall, N.J.
Allacma fusca from the UK
2007.05.14 © Cornwall, N.J.
Allacma fusca from the UK
2007.05.14 © Cornwall, N.J.
Allacma fusca from Czechia
2007.06.12 © Krásenský, P.
Allacma fusca from Czechia
2007.06.12 © Krásenský, P.
Allacma fusca from the UK
2007.07.01 © Cornwall, N.J.
Allacma fusca juv. from France
2008.03.24 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Colony of grazing specimens
2008.06.25 © Robertson, A.
Allacma fusca from the UK
2008.06.25 © Robertson, A.
Allacma fusca from Czechia
2008.07.01 © Krásenský, P.
Allacma fusca from Czechia
2008.07.01 © Krásenský, P.
Allacma fusca from Germany
2008.07.22 © Pageler, J.
Allacma fusca from the UK
2008.07.27 © Michaelson, J.
Allacma fusca from the UK
2008.08.07 © Farrell, S.
Allacma fusca from the UK
2008.09.26 © Campbell, A.
Allacma fusca from the Netherlands
2008.10.21 © Baas, A.H.
Allacma fusca from Italy
After Dallai R, 2009 Fig.1B
Allacma fusca from the USA
2009.06.24 © Murray, T.
Allacma fusca from Belgium
On Podarcis muralis
2009.11.26 © Devalez, J.
Allacma fusca from Belgium
2009.12.13 © D'Hert, D.
Allacma fusca juv. from Holland
2011.04.10 © van Duinen, J.
Allacma fusca from Holland
2011.07.11 © van Duinen, J.
Allacma fusca from Sweden
Bulby post-antennal organ (PAO)
2011.09.21 © Hall, K.
Allacma fusca from Sweden
Thoracic epicuticular superstructure
2011.09.21 © Hall, K.
Allacma fusca from Sweden
Mucro
2011.09.21 © Hall, K.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Facial chaetotaxy
2011.11.10 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca juv. from the UK
2012.04.19 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca juv. from the UK
2012.04.20 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca juv. from Holland
2012.04.26 © van Duinen, J.
Allacma fusca juv. from the UK
2012.04.30 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca from the UK
2012.06.18 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Post-antennal seta (*)
2012.06.18 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Composed eye with 8 ocelli
2012.09.05 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca juv. from the UK
Annulated 4th antennal segment
2013.04.21 © Murray, A.
Allacma fusca juv. from the UK
Bent dorsal macrosetae
2013.05.13 © Murray, A.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Facial chaetotaxy
2013.08.20 © Phillips, E.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Facial and antennal chaetotaxy
2013.08.20 © Phillips, E.
Allacma fusca from Germany
Short bulby post-antennal seta (PAO)
2014.08.21 © Kluck, A.
Allacma fusca from the UK
2013.08.27 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Spiky macrosetae
2013.09.14 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca juv. from Germany
2014.04.06 © Beck, K.
Allacma fusca from Germany
With phoretic Acari nymphs
2014.06.21 © Beck, K.
Allacma fusca ♂ from Germany
Raised genital papilla (*)
2014.08.07 © Kluck, A.
Allacma fusca ♀ from Germany
Genital papilla and sub-anal appendages (*)
2014.08.07 © Kluck, A.
Allacma fusca from Holland
With phoretic protonymph Acari
2014.08.17 © van Duinen, J.
Allacma fusca ♂ from Germany
Raised genital papilla (*)
2014.09.04 © Kluck, A.
Allacma fusca from the UK
Short bulby post-antennal seta (PAO)
2015.02.03 © Nurcombe, E.
Allacma fusca ♀ from Denmark
SEM Mucro
2016.08.01 © Godeiro, N.N.
Allacma fusca ♀ from Denmark
SEM Unguis with tunica + pseudonychia
2016.08.01 © Godeiro, N.N.
Allacma fusca ♀ from Denmark
SEM Cephalic macrosetae with microscales
2016.08.01 © Godeiro, N.N.
Allacma fusca ♀ from Denmark
SEM Epicuticular ultrastructure
2016.08.08 © Godeiro, N.N.
Allacma fusca ♀ from Denmark
SEM Abdominal dorsal macrosetae + bothriotrichum
2016.08.08 © Godeiro, N.N.
Allacma fusca ♀ from Denmark
SEM Subanal appendages
2016.08.08 © Godeiro, N.N.
Allacma fusca from Belgium
With everted warted vesicle of collophore
2016.08.30 © Huskens, M.-L.

Species gallica (Carl, 1899) Palissa, A in Brohmer, P, Ehrmann, P & Ulmer, G, 1964:275
             Syn.: Sminthurus gallica(sic) Salmon, 1964 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus gallica(sic) Richards, 1968 ISS
Allacma gallica from France
2006 © Lavoué., B
Allacma gallica from France
2007.06.09 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma gallica ♂ from France
2007.06.09 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma gallica from France
2007.06.09 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma gallica from France
2007.06.09 © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma gallica from France
2008.mm.dd © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma gallica from France
2008.mm.dd © Lebeaux, P.
Allacma gallica from Germany
In terrarium
2014.09.13 © Jäschke, T.
Allacma gallica from Germany
In terrarium
2014.09.13 © Jäschke, T.

Species koreana Yosii, R et Lee, C-E, 1963:14
Allacma koreana from Korea
After Yosii R & Lee C-E, 1963 Fig.8A

            Syn.: Allacma koreana f. leucocephala Yosii, R et Lee, C-E, 1963:15
Allacma koreana from Korea
After Yosii R & Lee C-E, 1963 Fig.8B


Species plumosa Handschin, 1926, s.d., -
Species plumosetosa Handschin, 1926, s.d., -
Species setosa (von Olfers, 1907 -) Handschin, 1926, s.d., -
Subgenus Trochopilosa Christiansen, K et Bellinger, P, 1998:1353
Species purpurescens (MacGillivray, AD, 1894:109) Christiansen & Bellinger, 1980, t.t.
            Syn.: Sminthurus fraternus Banks, 1899
            Syn.: Sminthurus nigripes Banks, 1899
             Syn.: Sminthurus purpurascens(sic) Yosii, R et Lee, C-E, 1963:15 ISS
Sminthurus (Allacma) pupurescens from the USA
After Snider RJ & Calandrino FJ, 1987 Fig.49
Sminthurus (Allacma) pupurescens from the USA
After Snider RJ & Calandrino FJ, 1987 Fig.50

             Syn.: Allacma purpurascens(sic) Christiansen, K et Bellinger, P, 1998:1354 ISS
Allacma (Trochopilosa) purpurescens
from the USA
2005.08.19 © Murray, T.
Allacma (Trochopilosa) purpurescens
from the USA
2007.07.20 © Murray, T.
Allacma (Trochopilosa) purpurescens
from the USA
2007.09.18 © Murray, T.
Allacma (Trochopilosa) purpurescens
from the USA
2008.06.18 © Cowen, R.
Allacma (Trochopilosa) purpurescens
from the USA; everted ventral tube vesicle
2008.06.20 © Cowen, R.


Genus Sminthurus Latreille in Sonnini, [1802] key
  Syn.: ... Smynthurus(sic) Latreille in Sonnini, [1802] IOS
  Syn.: Podurelles (Corps globuleux) Smynthurus(sic) Nicolet, H, 1842:80 ISS
  Syn.: Smynthurelles Smynthurus(sic) Nicolet, H, 1847:357 ISS
  Syn.: Collembola Papyrius(sic) Salmon, JT, 1964:597 ISS
  Syn.: Thysanura Smynthurus(sic) Lubbock, J, 1873:100 ISS
  Syn.: Thysanura Smynthurus(sic) MacGillivray, AD, 1893:127 partim ISS
  Syn.: Smynthuridæ(sic) Smynthurus(sic) MacGillivray, AD, 1894:108 partim ISS
  Syn.: Collembola Smynthurus(sic) Dallas, WS in Duncan, PM, 1896:149 ISS
  Syn.: Smynthuri(sic) Smynthurus(sic) Folsom, JW, 1896:449 partim ISS
  Syn.: Pararrhopalites neomexicanus Scott, 1964 partim

Sminthurus sp. from Russia
2006 © Macroclub.ru.

Remark by ICZN. 2007:759: Placed on the Official List of Names in Zoology. Opinion 291.

Sminthurus sp. from France
2008.05.01 © Lebeaux, P.
Sminthurus viridis from Lithuania
With parasitic larva of Acari:Erythraeoidea
2009.07.05 © Joanitis, L.
Sminthurus sp. from the USA
2011.05.17 © Loser, I.
Sminthurus sp. from Greece
2011.10.31 © Cladoniophile., B
Sminthurus sp. from the USA
2011.12.12 © McCulloch, J.
Sminthurus sp.
Fossil specimen in amber
2012.02.13 © Hendericks, H.
Sminthurus sp. from the USA
2012.02.21 © Engel, V.
Sminthurus sp. from Alaska
Depositing eggs
2012.08.10 © Sikes, D.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
Long and annulated 4th antennal segment
2012.11.11 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus sp. from La Palma
2012.12.03 © Barton, T.
Sminthurus sp. from La Palma
2012.12.03 © Barton, T.
Sminthurus sp. from La Palma
2012.12.04 © Barton, T.
Sminthurus sp. from La Palma
2012.12.04 © Barton, T.
Sminthurus sp. from La Palma
2012.12.06 © Barton, T.
Sminthurus sp. from the USA
2014.01.18 © Klockers, W.B.
Sminthurus sp. from the USA
2014.01.18 © Klockers, W.B.

  Syn.: Sminthuridae Smithurus(sic) Cruz-Leal, JI, Escalante-Jiménez, AL, Salgado-Ortiz, J et Palacios-Vargas, JG, 2013:1667 ISS
Sminthurus sp. from France
2016.11.28 © Cassin, M.R.


Species sp.1 Simón-Benito, Ortuño & Espantaleón, 2002 -
Species sp.2 Janssens F & Cowen R, 2007
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2007.04.30 © Cowen, R.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2007.04.30 © Cowen, R.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2007.04.30 © Cowen, R.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2007.05.03 © Cowen, R.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2007.05.04 © Cowen, R.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2007.05.08 © Cowen, R.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2007.05.10 © Cowen, R.

Species sp.3 Janssens F & Cowen R, 2009
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
With parasite larval erythraeid Leptus sp.
2009.05.23 © Cowen, R.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2009.05.23 © Cowen, R.

Species sp.4 Cruz-Leal, JI, Escalante-Jiménez, AL, Salgado-Ortiz, J et Palacios-Vargas, JG, 2013:1667
Species sp.5 Janssens F & Young D, 2015
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2015.03.30 © Young, D.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2015.03.30 © Young, D.

Species sp.6 Janssens F & Murray A, 2015
Sminthurus sp. nov. from Canada
2015.07.07 © Murray, A.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from Canada
2015.07.07 © Murray, A.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from Canada
2015.07.07 © Murray, A.

Species sp.7 Janssens F & Fleming KR, 2017
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2013.01.29 © Fleming, K.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2013.01.29 © Fleming, K.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
2017.02.03 © Fleming, K.
Sminthurus sp. nov. from the USA
Everted tubelike vesicle of collophore
2017.02.03 © Fleming, K.

Species abei Yoshii, 1992
Species adamsi Wray, 1967
Species adirondackus Maynard, EA, 1951:270
Sminthurus adirondackus from the USA
After Maynard, E.A., 1951 Pl.XXIV Fig.417.
Sminthurus adirondackus from the USA
After Maynard, E.A., 1951 Pl.XXIV Fig.416.
Sminthurus adirondackus from the USA
After Maynard, E.A., 1951 Pl.XXIV Fig.415.

Species annulatus Kang J-S et Lee B-H in Kang, J-S, Lee, B-H et Park, K-H, 2005:238
Sminthurus annulatus from Korea
After Kang J-S, Lee B-H & Park K-H, 2005 Fig.3A

Species baulastinus Harvey, 1848
Species betae Westwood, 1849
Species bicolor Parona, 1884
Species bivittatus Snider, RJ, 1985:575
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
After Snider RJ, 1985 Fig.1
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
After Snider RJ, 1985 Fig.2
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2006.02.02 © Schimming, L.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2007.02.26 © Montgomery, G.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2008.11.27 © Justis, S.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2008.11.27 © Justis, S.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2008.11.27 © Justis, S.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2008.11.27 © Justis, S.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2008.11.27 © Justis, S.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2008.12.10 © Kermit, J.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2008.12.27 © Justis, S.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2008.12.27 © Justis, S.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2009.01.16 © Kermit, J.
Sminthurus bivittatus juv. from the USA
2009.01.24 © Justis, S.
Sminthurus bivittatus juv. from the USA
2009.01.24 © Justis, S.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2009.05.01 © Taft, M.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2009.05.01 © Taft, M.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2009.05.01 © Taft, M.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2012.12.19 © Zimlich, R.L.
Sminthurus bivittatus from the USA
2012.12.19 © Zimlich, R.L.

Species bourgeoisi Nayrolles, 1995:221
Species bozoulensis Nayrolles, P, 1995:222
Sminthurus bozoulensis from France
After Nayrolles P, 1995 Fig.9

Species bremondi Delamare Deboutteville & Bassot, 1957
Species brevicornis Koch, CL et Berendt, GC in Berendt, GC, 1854:121
Smynthurus(sic) brevicornis from Baltic amber
After Koch CL & Berendt GC, 1845 Tab.XV Fig.131

Species brunneus Harvey, 1900
Species butcheri Snider, RJ, 1969:366
Sminthurus butcheri from the USA
After Snider RJ, 1969 Fig.43

            Syn.: Sminthurus longicornis Schött, 1896
            Syn.: Sminthurus dorsalis Banks, 1899 nec Fitch, 1863
            Syn.: Sminthurus spinulosus Snider, RJ, 1969:372
Sminthurus spinulosus from the USA
After Snider RJ, 1969 Fig.63

Sminthurus spinulosus from the USA
Colouration of immature specimen
2012.06.10 © Fort Lewis Zoology.
Sminthurus spinulosus from the USA
Ventral aspect
2012.06.10 © Fort Lewis Zoology.
Sminthurus spinulosus from the USA
4th antennal segment with 15 annulations
2012.06.10 © Fort Lewis Zoology.
            Syn.: Sminthurus banksi Christiansen & Bellinger, 1981
             Syn.: Sminthurus bucheri(sic) Palacios-Vargas, JG, Mejía-Recamier, BE et Cutz-Pool, LQ, 2009:206 ISS
Sminthurus butcheri from the USA
2009.02.11 © Justis, S.
Sminthurus butcheri from the USA
2009.02.11 © Justis, S.
Sminthurus butcheri from the USA
2012.02.06 © Zimlich, R.L.

Species capucinus Koch, 1840
Species carolinensis Snider, RJ, 1981:418
Sminthurus carolinensis from the USA
After Snider RJ, 1981 Fig.1
Sminthurus carolinensis from the USA
After Snider RJ, 1981 Fig.2
Sminthurus carolinensis from the USA
2009.01.16 © Fleming, K.
Sminthurus carolinensis from the USA
2012.01.12 © Champagne, C.

Species coeruleus Strebel, 1938
Species cogsonzavi Betsch, J-M, 1977:72
Species denisi Womersley, 1934
            Syn.: Sminthurus longicornis Womersley, 1932, nec Joseph, 1882
Species denticulatus Bretfeld, 2000
Species discolor Stach, 1956
Species doderoi Parona, 1888
Species eisenii Schött, H, 1891:7
            Syn.: Sminthurus (Setosi) Eisenii(sic) Schött, H, 1891:7 IOS
Sminthurus Eisenii(sic) from the USA
After Schött H, 1891 Taf.I Fig.1
Sminthurus Eisenii(sic) from the USA
After Schött H, 1891 Taf.I Fig.2

            Syn.: Sminthurus anomalus Betsch, J-M, 1964:542
            Syn.: Sminthurus medialis Betsch, J-M, 1964:533
            Syn.: Pararrhopalites neomexicanus Scott, 1964 partim =? juvenile
             Syn.: Sminthurus Eisenii(sic) Schött, 1893 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus Eisenii(sic) Bertkau, P, 1894:58 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus (Sminthurus) eiseni(sic) Christiansen, K et Bellinger, P, 1981:1200 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus eisneni(sic) Snider, RJ et Loring, SJ, 1984:37 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus eiseni(sic) Snider, RJ et Loring, SJ, 1984:38 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus eiseni(sic) Bellinger, PF, 1985:80 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus eiseni(sic) Nayrolles, P, 1995:217 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus eiseni(sic) Poole, RW in Poole, RW et Gentili, P, 1997:55 ISS
Sminthurus eisenii from the USA
2010.06.24 © Boyd, I.
Sminthurus eisenii from the USA
2014.06.24 © Rosenfeld, J.

Species elegans Womersley, 1933
Species fischeri Snider, RJ, 1982:322
Sminthurus fischeri from the USA
2007.06.13 © Montgomery, G.
Sminthurus fischeri from the USA
2008.01.22 © Montgomery, G.
Sminthurus fischeri from the USA
2011.03.05 © Montgomery, G.
Sminthurus fischeri from the USA
2013.12.26 © Schneider, J.

Species fitchi Folsom, JW, 1896:449
            Syn.: Smynthurus(sic) fitchii(sic) Folsom, JW, 1896:449 IOS
            Syn.: Sminthurus albescens Banks, 1899
            Syn.: Sminthurus argenteornatus Banks, 1899
Sminthurus argenteornatus from the USA
After Maynard EA, 1951 Pl.XXIV Fig.421

            Syn.: Sminthurus trilineatus Banks, 1903
            Syn.: Sminthurus obscurus Mills, HB, 1934:104
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
After Maynard, E.A., 1951 Pl. XXIV Fig.431.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.10.03 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.10.03 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.10.03 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.10.03 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.10.03 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.10.03 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.10.03 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.10.28 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.11.02 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.11.04 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.11.04 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.11.04 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.11.04 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2007.11.04 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus fitchi from the USA
2012.10.05 © Murray, T.

Species floridanus MacGillivray, AD, 1893:127
             Syn.: Smynthurus(sic) floridana(sic) MacGillivray, AD, 1894:109 ISS
Species ghilarovi Stebaeva, 1966
Species giantensis Baijal & Kohli, 1972
Species hamtaensis Baijal, HN, 1958:360
Sminthurus hamtaensis from the Himalaya
After Baijal HN, 1958 Fig.13A.

Species hispanicus Nayrolles, P, 1995:231
Sminthurus hispanicus from Spain
After Nayrolles P, 1995 Fig.18
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
2009.03.03 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
2009.03.03 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
2009.03.08 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
2009.04.08 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
2009.11.05 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Italy
2009.11.08 © Segreto, J.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
Reproductive male with raised genital papilla
2011.11.10 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
2011.11.12 © Beer, R.
 
Sminthurus hispanicus juv. from Ibiza
2011.12.16 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus juv. from Ibiza
2011.12.30 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus juv. from Ibiza
2011.12.30 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus juv. from Ibiza
2012.01.08 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus juv. from Ibiza
2012.01.25 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
2012.11.04 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
Grooming: cleaning antennae with drop of saliva on claw of frontleg
2013.02.13 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus juv. & adult from Ibiza
2013.09.18 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus juv. from Ibiza
2013.09.18 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
2013.09.27 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
2013.09.28 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus juv. from Ibiza
2013.12.24 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
2014.01.13 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
Pollen feeding
2014.01.20 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus juv. from Ibiza
Pollen feeding
2014.02.01 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
Chewing away upper epidermis layer of leaf
2014.10.06 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
Ingesting pollen in a dew drop
2014.10.11 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus ♀ & ♂ from Ibiza
♀ upper; ♂ lower
2014.11.02 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
2014.11.16 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus juv. from Ibiza
First instar
2014.11.24 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus juv. from Ibiza
First instar
2014.12.04 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus juv. from Ibiza
First instar
2015.02.02 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
2015.02.05 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
Feeding: damage to leaf surface
2015.04.01 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus juv. from Ibiza
2015.10.22 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
Pale coulour form
2015.11.21 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
Greenish coulour form
2015.12.08 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
Grooming body with long tube-like vesicle of collophore
2015.12.08 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Ibiza
2015.12.16 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus hispanicus from Italy
2016.02.18 © Scozzari, K.
Sminthurus hispanicus from France
2017.02.05 © Tiky, S.
Sminthurus hispanicus from France
2017.02.09 © Tiky, S.

Species incisus Snider, 1978
Sminthurus incisus from the USA
2006 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus incisus from the USA
2007.09.05 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus incisus from the USA
2007.09.05 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus incisus from the USA
2011.07.29 © Bowser, M.
Sminthurus incisus from the USA
2012.06.14 © Loser, I.
Sminthurus incisus ♂ from the USA
2016.11.24 © Dobbs, Br.
Sminthurus incisus ♂ from the USA
2016.11.24 © Dobbs, Br.

Species incognitus Snider, RJ et Loring, SJ, 1982:216
Sminthurus incognitus from the USA
After Snider RJ & Loring SJ, 1982 Fig.1
Sminthurus incognitus from the USA
After Snider RJ & Loring SJ, 1982 Fig.2

Species krausbaueri (Börner, 1901) Kelshtein, 1930
            Syn.: Sminthurus sp. Betsch, 1977 = juv
            Syn.: Sminthurus sp. Bretfeld, G, 1999:108 = 1st instar
Species laterculus Koch, 1840
Species leucomelanus Nayrolles, P, 1995:226
Sminthurus leucomelanus from France
After Nayrolles P, 1995 Fig.16
Sminthurus leucomelanus from Czechia
2015.08.02 © Krásenský, P.
Sminthurus leucomelanus from Czechia
2015.08.02 © Krásenský, P.
Sminthurus leucomelanus from Czechia
Macrosetae in black sockets
2015.08.02 © Krásenský, P.
Sminthurus leucomelanus from Czechia
2015.08.21 © Krásenský, P.
Sminthurus leucomelanus from Holland
2016.05.08 © Beck, K.

Species longicornis Koch, CL et Berendt, GC in Berendt, GC, 1854:121
Smynthurus(sic) longicornis from Baltic amber
After Koch CL & Berendt GC, 1845 Tab.XV Fig.130

Species longipes Börner, C, 1906:184
Species lusseri Nicolet, H, 1847:360
            Syn.: Smynthurus(sic) Lusseri(sic) Nicolet, H, 1847:360 IOS
Smynthurus Lusseri(sic) from Switzerland
After Nicolet H, 1847 Pl.6 Fig.5

             Syn.: Smynthurus(sic) Lusseri(sic) Lubbock, J, 1873:115 ISS
Species maculatus Tömösváry, 1883
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. maculata(sic) Stach, 1920 ISS
             Syn.: Smynthurus(sic) viridis ssp. maculata(sic) Stach, 1922 ISS
             Syn.: Smynthurus(sic) viridis ssp. maculata(sic) Szent-Ivany, 1941 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. maculata(sic) Schaller, 1951 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. maculata(sic) Pistor, 1955 ISS
Sminthurus maculatus from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXXIII Fig.6
Sminthurus maculatus from Slovakia
2007.08.29 © Stefanovie, P.
Sminthurus maculatus from Hungary
2008.11.08 © Keresztes, G.
Sminthurus maculatus juv. from Hungary
2009.09.11 © Keresztes, G.
Sminthurus maculatus from Hungary
2009.09.21 © Keresztes, G.
Sminthurus maculatus from Hungary
2009.09.21 © Keresztes, G.
Sminthurus maculatus from Hungary
2010.08.12 © Pfliegler, W.
Sminthurus maculatus from Hungary
2013.10.13 © Rahmé, N.
Sminthurus maculatus from Spain
2017.01.04 © Schulz, K.

Species maglicianus Cvijovic, 1986
Species mammonthia Banks, 1897
Species marmorellus Latzel, R, 1917:250
            Syn.: Sminthurus sp. Stach, J, 1956:239
Species medialis Mills, HB, 1934:103
            Syn.: Sminthurus dorsalis Mills, 1930
Sminthurus medialis from the USA
1999 © Van Dyk, J.
Sminthurus medialis from the USA
1999 © Van Dyk, J.
Sminthurus medialis? from the USA
2012.12.07 © Zimlich, R.L.
Sminthurus medialis? from the USA
2012.12.18 © Montgomery, G.
Sminthurus medialis? from the USA
2012.12.19 © Zimlich, R.L.
Sminthurus medialis? from the USA
2015.04.21 © Gallagher, J.
Sminthurus medialis from the USA
2017.01.28 © Abela, A.
Sminthurus medialis from the USA
2017.01.28 © Abela, A.
Sminthurus medialis from the USA
2017.01.28 © Abela, A.
Sminthurus medialis from the USA
Greenish form
2017.01.28 © Abela, A.
Sminthurus medialis from the USA
Pale form
2017.01.28 © Abela, A.
Sminthurus medialis from the USA
Pale form
2017.01.28 © Abela, A.

Species melanonotus Uchida, 1938
             Syn.: Sminthurus melanotus(sic) Stach, J, 1956:231 ISS
Species mencenbergae Snider, RJ, 1983:115
Sminthurus mencenbergae from Canada
After Snider RJ, 1983 Fig.1
Sminthurus mencenbergae from Canada
After Snider RJ, 1983 Fig.2
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
After Snider RJ, 1983 Fig.3
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
After Snider RJ, 1983 Fig.4
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
2009.05.23 © Trammel, E.
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
2009.05.23 © Trammel, E.
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
2011.06.15 © Hoyer, R.
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
2011.06.15 © Hoyer, R.
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
2011.06.15 © Hoyer, R.
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
2012.04.14 © Kouri, J.
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
2012.04.14 © Kouri, J.
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
2012.04.14 © Kouri, J.
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
2012.04.23 © Kouri, J.
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
2012.04.23 © Kouri, J.
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
2012.04.23 © Kouri, J.
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
2014.01.11 © Burishkin, J.
Sminthurus mencenbergae from the USA
2015.02.08 © ak.

Species millsi Betsch, J-M, 1965:439
Species montanus Bretfeld, G, 2010:307
Species multipunctatus Schäffer, 1896, B
            Syn.: Sminthurus (Eusminthurus) variegatus Börner, C, 1901:114
            Syn.: Sminthurus ammophilus Börner, 1903
            Syn.: Sminthurus multipunctatus f. albopunctata Stach, 1922
Sminthurus multipunctatus f. albopunctata
from Israel
2007.12.26 © Nir, A.

            Syn.: Sminthurus multipunctatus var. viridipunctata Stach, 1922
            Syn.: Sminthurus multipunctatus var. tristrigata Stach, J, 1956:265
Sminthurus multipunctatus var. tristrigata from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXXII Fig.1

Sminthurus multipunctatus from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXXIII Fig.1
Sminthurus multipunctatus from France
After Nayrolles P, 1995 Fig.17
Sminthurus multipunctatus from France
2010.03.09 © Chevaillot, F.
Sminthurus multipunctatus from France
2010.03.09 © Chevaillot, F.
Sminthurus multipunctatus? from France
Grooming using extended tubular vesicle of collophore
2012.10.28 © Lebeaux, P.
Sminthurus multipunctatus? from France
Grooming using a drop of secretion
2012.10.28 © Lebeaux, P.

Species muscicolus Betsch, J-M, 1977:66
Species nigrinus Bretfeld, 2000
Species ochraceus Koch, 1840
Species orientalis Bretfeld, 2000
Species osmeryzskensis Bretfeld, 2000
Species ovaculatus Koch & Berendt, 1854 -
Species packardi Folsom, JW, 1896:385
            Syn.: Smynthurus packardii(sic) Folsom, JW, 1896:385 IOS
            Syn.: Papirius texensis Packard, 1873 partim
             Syn.: Sminthurus packardii(sic) Folsom, 1934 ISS
Sminthurus (Sminthurus) packardi from the USA
After Christiansen K & Bellinger P, 1981 Fig.1009A

             Syn.: Sminthurus (Sminthurus) packardii(sic) Christiansen, K et Bellinger, P, 1998:1369 ISS
Sminthurus packardi from the USA
2015.04.30 © Frish, L.

Species pallidus Womersley, 1931
Species pardalinus Betsch, J-M, 1977:69
Sminthurus pardalinus from Mongolia
After Betsch J-M, 1977 Fig.2B

Species parvulus Ritter, 1911
Species pinetorum Koch, 1840
Species plumbeus Lemoine, 1882
Species primorskiyensis Bretfeld, 2002
Species pseudofuscus Schött, 1901
Species pseudoviolaceus Ritter, 1911
Species pullus Denis, 1933
Species punctatus Lucas, 1846
Species quadripunctatus Edinger, 1937
Species quinqueseta (Salmon, 1954) Stach, 1956:206, i.s.
Species rosai Arlé, 1939
Species rubidipunctatus Bretfeld, 2000
Species sagitta Loring, SJ et Snider, RJ, 1983:185
Sminthurus sagitta from the USA
After Loring SJ & Snider RJ, 1983 Fig.1
Sminthurus sagitta from the USA
After Loring SJ & Snider RJ, 1983 Fig.2

             Syn.: Sminthurus sagittus(sic) García-Gómez, A, Castaño-Meneses, G et Palacios-Vargas, JG, 2009:914,ca ISS
Species schoetti Salmon, JT, 1964:598
            Syn.: Sminthurus longicornis Schött, 1896, nec Joseph, 1882
Species serratomucronatus Grinbergs, A, 1962:65
Species serrulatus Börner, C, 1909:127
Species sexpunctatus Becker, 1905
Species stachi Betsch, J-M, 1977:75
Sminthurus stachi from Mongolia
After Betsch J-M, 1977 Fig.2C

Species succineus Stach, J, 1922:55, -
Sminthurus succineus from Baltic amber
After Stach J, 1922 Taf.3 Fig.1
Sminthurus cf. succineus from Baltic Amber
2012.01.23 © Henderickx, H.

Species trimaculatus Börner, 1909
Species tristrigatus Stach, 1956
Species variegatus Tullberg, T, 1877:29
Sminthurus variegatus from the Arctics
After Tullberg, T., 1877 Tafl.8 fig.1.
Sminthurus variegatatus from the Arctics
After Schött H, 1893 Taf.I Fig.6

Species virginidari Wray, 1948
Species viridis (Linnæus, C, 1758:608) Bourlet, 1843, t.t., B
            Syn.: Smynthurus(sic) lupulinæ Bourlet, 1843
            Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. nigro-maculatus(sic) Tullberg, 1871 IOS
            Syn.: Sminthurus viridis Schött, 1893 =?
            Syn.: Sminthurus viridis Hammer, 1953 =?
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. nigro-maculatus(sic) Tullberg, T, 1872:30 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigro-maculatus(sic) Parona, 1884 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigromaculata(sic) Schäffer, 1897 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigromaculata(sic) Scherbakow, 1898 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigro-maculatus(sic) Börner, 1900 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigromaculata(sic) Axelson, 1904 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigro-maculatus(sic) Axelson, 1905 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigromaculata(sic) Schille, 1908 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigromaculata(sic) Schille, 1912 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigromaculata(sic) Stach, 192O ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis f. nigromaculata(sic) Handschin, E in Dahl, F, 1929:121 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. nigro-maculata(sic) Buitendijk, AM, 1930:74 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigro-maculatus(sic) Stach, 1930 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigromaculata(sic) Schubert, 1933 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigromaculata(sic) Strebel, 1938 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigromaculata(sic) Buitendijk, 1941 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. nigromaculata(sic) Stach, J, 1956:268 ISS
Sminthurus viridis from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXXII Fig.3

             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigromaculata(sic) Stevanovic, 1956 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigromaculata(sic) Grinbergs, 1958 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigromaculata(sic) Grinbergs, 1958 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigromaculata(sic) Grinbergs, 1960 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. nigro-maculatus(sic) Salmon, JT, 1964:605 ISS
Sminthurus (Sminthurus) nigromaculatus from the USA
After Snider RJ & Calandrino FJ, 1987 Fig.47
Sminthurus (Sminthurus) nigromaculatus from the USA
After Snider RJ & Calandrino FJ, 1987 Fig.48
Sminthurus nigromaculatus from the USA
After Snider R in Christiansen K & Bellinger P, 1998 Fig.1010.6A
Sminthurus nigromaculatus from the USA
After Snider R in Christiansen K & Bellinger P, 1998 Fig.1010.6B
Sminthurus viridis from Sweden
Ecovariant nigromaculatus
2007.09.03 © Hall, K.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
Ecovariant nigromaculatus
2007.03.04 © Cornwall, N.J.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
Ecovariant nigromaculatus
2008.09.11 © Wood, A.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
Ecovariant nigromaculatus
2008.09.15 © Wood, A.
Sminthurus viridis from Czechia
Ecovariant nigromaculatus
2010.11.06 © Fiala, M.
Sminthurus viridis from Czechia
Ecovariant nigromaculatus
2010.11.12 © Krásenský, P.
Sminthurus viridis from Czechia
Ecovariant nigromaculatus
Grooming
2010.11.12 © Krásenský, P.
Sminthurus viridis from Holland
Ecovariant nigromaculatus
2011.12.02 © van Duinen, J.
Sminthurus viridis from Holland
Ecovariant nigromaculatus
2015.09.23 © van Duinen, J.
Sminthurus viridis from Holland
Ecovariant nigromaculatus
2015.09.23 © van Duinen, J.
Sminthurus viridis from Holland
Ecovariant nigromaculatus
2016.11.05 © van Leeuwen, J.


            Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. trimaculata Reuter, 1891
            Syn.: Sminthurus nigromaculatus var. infuscatus Reuter, 1892
            Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. dorsovittatus Schött, H, 1893:23
Sminthurus viridis var. dorsovittatus from Sweden
After Schött H, 1893 Taf.I Fig.3

             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. dorsovittata(sic) Axelson, 1907 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. dorsovittata(sic) Axelson, 1912 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. dorso-vittata(sic) Ionesco, 1915 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. dorsovittata(sic) Ionesco, 1916 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. dorsovittata(sic) Stach, 1920 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. dorsovittata(sic) Stach, 1922 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. dorsovittata(sic) Handschin, 1924 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis f. dorsovittata(sic) Handschin, E in Dahl, F, 1929:121 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. dorsovittata(sic) Kseneman, 1937 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus (Sminthurus) viridis ssp. dorsovittata(sic) Grinbergs, 1960 ISS
            Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. speciosus Schött, H, 1893:23
Sminthurus viridis var. speciosus from Sweden
After Schött H, 1893 Taf.I Fig.4

             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. speciosa(sic) Lie-Pettersen, 1896 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. speciosa(sic) Scherbakow, 1898 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. speciosa(sic) Krausbauer, 1901 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. speciosa(sic) Ågren, 1903 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. speciosa(sic) Axelson, 1905 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. speciosa(sic) Wahlgren, 1906 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. speciosa(sic) Axelson, 1907 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. speciosa(sic) Axelson, 1912 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. speciosa(sic) Schille, 1912 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis f. speciosa(sic) Handschin, E in Dahl, F, 1929:121 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. speciosa(sic) Kseneman, 1938 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. speciosa(sic) Stach, J, 1956:269 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. speciosa(sic) Grinbergs, 1958 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. speciosa(sic) Grinbergs, 1958 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus (Sminthurus) viridis ssp. speciosa(sic) Grinbergs, 1960 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. speciosa(sic) Walters, MC, 1967:18 ISS
            Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. irroratus Reuter, 1900
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. irrorata(sic) Axelson, 1907 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. irrorata(sic) Stach, 1922 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. irrorata(sic) Handschin, 1924 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. irrorata(sic) Handschin, 1924 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis f. irrorata(sic) Handschin, E in Dahl, F, 1929:121 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. irrorata(sic) Strebel, 1938 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. irrorata(sic) Stach, J, 1956:269 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus (Sminthurus) viridis ssp. irrorata(sic) Grinbergs, 1960 ISS
            Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. variegatus Latzel, R, 1917:250
            Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. medicaginis Schött, H, 1917:58
Sminthurus viridis var. medicaginis from Australia
After Schött H, 1917 Taf.4 Fig.11
Sminthurus viridis var. medicaginis from Australia
Abdomen ventral aspect
After Schött H, 1917 Taf.4 Fig.12


            Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. marmorata(sic) Stach, J, 1924:121 IOS
Sminthurus viridis var. marmorata(sic) from Tunis
After Stach J, 1924 Taf.II Fig.8


             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. marmorata(sic) Stach, J, 1956:269 ISS

            Syn.: Arrhopalites adelaidica Womersley, 1933 partim
            Syn.: Sminthurus multidentata(sic) Salmon, JT, 1943:10 IOS
Sminthurus multidentata(sic) from New Zealand
After Salmon J.T., 1943 Pl.1 Fig.1


            Syn.: Pulex viridis plantarum Linnaeus, 1736 i
            Syn.: Podura viridis Hill, 1752 i
Smynthurus(sic) viridis from Ireland
After Templeton, R, 1836 Pl.XII Fig.7
Smynthurus(sic) viridis from the UK
After Lubbock J Pl.XXI Fig.1
Smynthurus(sic) viridis from the UK
Anterior foot
After Lubbock J Pl.XXI Fig.2
Smynthurus(sic) viridis from the UK
Saltatory appendage
After Lubbock J Pl.XXI Fig.3
Smynthurus(sic) viridis from the UK
After Lubbock J, 1873 Pl.1


             Syn.: Sminthurus Sviridis(sic) Schött, H, 1893:4 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus (Setosi) virides(sic) Schött, H, 1891:9 ISS
Sminthurus viridis f. principalis from Sweden
After Schött H, 1893 Taf.I Fig.1
Sminthurus viridus(sic) from Germany
Capitulum of maxilla
After Anonymous Fig.A
Sminthurus viridis from Tasmania
After Womersley, 1931 Pl.I Fig.7
Sminthurus viridis from Australia
After Womersley H, 1939 Pl.1 Fig.3.
Sminthurus viridis from Malta
Colour variations
After Stach J, 1967 Pl.XXXIV


             Syn.: Sminthuro(sic) viridi(sic) Keller, S et Steenberg, T, 1997:22 ISS
Neozygites sminthuri from Denmark. Bar=10µm
Conidia infecting Sminthurus viridis
After Dromph & al, 2001 Fig.1
Sminthurus viridis (juv.) from the UK
2007 © Cornwall, N.J.
Sminthurus viridis (juv.) from Spain
2007.03.09 © Portela, J.
Sminthurus viridis (juv.) from Belgium
2007.04.25 © Lindsley, J.
Sminthurus viridis (juv.) from Belgium
2007.07.13 © Haentjes, R.
Sminthurus viridis (juv.) from Belgium
2007.07.25 © Vuijlsteke, M.
Sminthurus viridis (juv.) from Slovakia
2007.08.27 © Stefanovie, P.
Sminthurus viridis (juv.) from the UK
2007.09.08 © Botting, J.
Sminthurus viridis (juv.) from France
2008.04.14 © Liger, D.
Sminthurus viridis (juv.) from the UK
2008.04.25 © Valentine., B
Sminthurus viridis from Sweden
2006 © Hall, K.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
2006 © Cornwall, N.J.
Sminthurus viridis from France
2006 © Lavoué., B
Sminthurus viridis from France
2006 © Silversword31.
Sminthurus viridis from France
2006 © Silversword31.
Sminthurus viridis from France
2006 © Silversword31.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
2006 © Cornwall, N.J.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
2007.03.18 © Cornwall, N.J.
Sminthurus viridis from Sweden
2007.07.25 © Hall, K.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
2007.10.16 © Campbell, A.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
2007.10.29 © Campbell, A.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
2007.11.03 © Campbell, A.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
2008.03.30 © Botting, J.
Sminthurus viridis from Belgium
2008.04.17 © San Martin, G.
Sminthurus viridis from Belgium
2008.07.23 © Haentjens, R.
Sminthurus viridis from France
2008.19.12 © Lebeaux, P.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
2008.11.12 © Thompson, S.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
2008.11.12 © Thompson, S.
Sminthurus viridis from Australia
2009.09.07 © Hort, J.
Sminthurus viridis from Australia
2009.09.07 © Hort, J.
Sminthurus viridis from Ibiza
2011.11.03 © Beer, R.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
Pale colour form
2012.03.29 © Murray, A.
Sminthurus viridis from Italy
2012.05.09 © Fardels, J.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
Annulated 4th antennal segment
2012.06.01 © Robertson, A.
Sminthurus viridis from Greece
2012.12.29 © Markopoulos, S.
Sminthurus viridis from Germany
2014.03.12 © Haselböck,A.
Sminthurus viridis from Germany
2014.03.12 © Haselböck,A.
Sminthurus viridis from the UK
Eyepatch
2015.09.20 © Murray, A.
Sminthurus viridis from France
2015.12.18 © Gros, P.
Sminthurus viridis from France
2015.12.18 © Gros, P.
Sminthurus viridis from France
2015.12.18 © Gros, P.

  Subspecies annulatus Folsom, JW, 1899:270
Sminthurus viridis var. annulatus from Japan
After Folsom JW, 1899 Pl.3 Fig.41

             Syn.: Smynthurus(sic) viridis f. cinereo-viridis(sic) Tullberg, 1871 ISS

  Subspecies caucasicus Karsch, 1893
  Subspecies cinereoviridis Tullberg, 1871

            Syn.: Smynthurus(sic) viridis f. cinereo-viridis(sic) Tullberg, 1871 IOS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. cinereo-viridis(sic) Tullberg, T, 1872:30 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. cinereo-viridis(sic) Reuter, OM, 1876:79 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Parona, 1884 ISS
             Syn.: Smynthurus(sic) fuscus var. cinereo-viridis(sic) von Dalla Torre, 1888 ISS
             Syn.: Smynthurus(sic) viridis var. cinereo-viridis(sic) Parona, 1888 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. cinereo-viridis(sic) Reuter, 1891 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. cinereo-viridis(sic) Schött, H, 1893:22 ISS
Sminthurus viridis var. cinereo-viridis(sic) from Sweden
After Schött H, 1893 Taf.I Fig.2

             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Reuter, 1895 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Schäffer, 1897 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Börner, 1900 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Schäffer, 1900 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Schäffer, 1900 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Carl, 1901 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Krausbauer, 1901 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Ågren, 1903 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Axelson, 1905 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Axelson, 1906 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Axelson, 1907 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. cinereo-viridis(sic) Linnaniemi, WM, 1912:313 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Schille, 1912 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Ionesco, 1915 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Ionesco, 1916 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Ionesco, 1920 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis f. cinereo-viridis(sic) Handschin, E in Dahl, F, 1929:121 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. cinereo-viridis(sic) Buitendijk, AM, 1930:73 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Stach, 1930 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Schubert, 1933 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Durkop, 1934 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Buitendijk, 1941 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Strenzke, 1949 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. cinereo-viridis(sic) Stach, J, 1956:269 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Grinbergs, 1958 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis(sic) Grinbergs, 1958 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereo-viridis Salmon, JT, 1964:603 ISS
Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereoviridis from the UK
2008.11.26 © Thompson, S.
Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereoviridis from Holland
With parasitic larva of Acari:Erythraeoidea
2015.07.26 © van Duinen, J.
Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereoviridis from Holland
With 2 black spots on small abdomen
2015.07.26 © van Duinen, J.
Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereoviridis from Holland
Ready to moult
2015.09.16 © van Duinen, J.
Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereoviridis from Holland
2015.09.16 © van Duinen, J.
Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereoviridis from Holland
Eyepatch with large ocelli A & B (*)
2015.09.18 © van Duinen, J.
Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereoviridis from Holland
Small abdomen with 2 black dots (*)
2015.09.11 © van Duinen, J.
Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereoviridis from Holland
2016.09.03 © van Duinen, J.
Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereoviridis from Belgium
2016.12.13 © Huskens, M.-L.
Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereoviridis from Belgium
2016.12.13 © Huskens, M.-L.
Sminthurus viridis ssp. cinereoviridis from Belgium
Two dots on abd.6
2016.12.13 © Huskens, M.-L.

  Subspecies elegans Ionesco, 1915
  Subspecies infuscatus Reuter, 1895

             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. infuscata(sic) Stach, J, 1956:269 ISS
Sminthurus viridis ssp. infuscatus from the UK
2012.05.11 © Metal, P.

  Subspecies lineatus Scherbakov, AM, 1898:22
Sminthurus viridis var. lineata from Russia
After Scherbakov AM, 1898 Table III Fig.29

             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. lineata(sic) Ionesco, 1916 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. lineata(sic) Stach, J, 1956:269 ISS
  Subspecies pictus Skorikov, 1899

             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. picta(sic) Axelson, 1919 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. picta(sic) Stach, J, 1956:269 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus (Sminthurus) viridis ssp. picta(sic) Grinbergs, 1960 ISS
  Subspecies sabulosus Skorikow, 1899

            Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. sabulosa(sic) Skorikow, 1899 IOS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. sabulosa(sic) Grinbergs, 1960 ISS
  Subspecies stscherbakowi Skorikow, 1899
  Subspecies tripunctatus Reuter, 1891
Sminthurus viridis var. tripunctatus from Sweden
After Schött H, 1893 Taf.I Fig.5

             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. tripunctata(sic) Schäffer, 1900 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. tripunctata(sic) Stach, J, 1956:269 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. tripunctata(sic) Grinbergs, 1960 ISS
  Subspecies viridiflavus Parona, 1884

             Syn.: Sminthurus viridi-flavus(sic) Stach, J, 1924:122 ISS
  Subspecies xerophilus Skorikov, 1899

            Syn.: Sminthurus viridis ssp. xerophila(sic) Skorikov, 1899 IOS
             Syn.: Sminthurus viridis var. xerophila(sic) Stach, J, 1956:269 ISS
Species wahlgreni Stach, 1919
             Syn.: Sminthurus Wahlgreni(sic) Stach, J, 1930:310 ISS
Sminthurus wahlgreni from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXVIII Fig.3


             Syn.: Sminthurus walgrenii(sic) Gruia, 1966 ISS
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from France
2006 © Silversword31.
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from France
2006 © Silversword31.

             Syn.: Sminthurus walgreni(sic) Fiera, C, 2007:32 ISS
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from France
2008.02.14 © Lavoué., B
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from Portugal
2011.02.25 © Almeida, J.
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from Portugal
2011.02.25 © Almeida, J.
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from Portugal
Annulated 4th antennal segment
2011.02.25 © Almeida, J.
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from Portugal
Small abdomen
2011.02.25 © Almeida, J.
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from Portugal
2011.02.25 © Almeida, J.
Sminthurus wahlgreni? juv. from Portugal
2011.02.25 © Almeida, J.
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from Holland
Drinking from dew drops on body using long eversed vesicle of collophore
2011.11.20 © van Duinen, J.
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from France
2013.02.02 © Sandra.
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from Italy
2013.02.19 © Consolo, M.
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from Slovakia
2015.11.02 © Sersen, J.
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from Slovakia
2015.11.05 © Sersen, J.
Sminthurus wahlgreni? from Slovakia
2015.11.05 © Sersen, J.

Species willincki Delamare Deboutteville & Massoud, 1963:269
Species wutaii Uchida, 1948
Species yemenensis Bretfeld, 2000
Species yonahlosee Wray, 1948
             Syn.: Sminthurus yonahlossee(sic) Poole, RW in Poole, RW et Gentili, P, 1997:56 ISS

Genus Disparrhopalites Stach, J, 1956:63
Disparrhopalites sp. from Croatia
2010.11.19 © Lukic, M.

Species patrizii (Cassagnau, P & Delamare Deboutteville, C, 1953:144) Stach, J, 1956:63, t.t.
            Syn.: Pararrhopalites Patrizii(sic) Cassagnau, P et Delamare Deboutteville, C, 1953:144 IOS
             Syn.: Pararrhopalites patritzii(sic) Gough, HJ, 1972:199 ISS
             Syn.: Sphyrotheca patritzii(sic) Gough, HJ, 1972:199 ISS
Disarrhopalites patrizii from the UK
2012.08.21 © Murray, A.
Disarrhopalites patrizii from the UK
2012.08.21 © Murray, A.

Species tergestinus

Genus Austrosminthurus Delamare Deboutteville & Massoud, 1963
Species mirabilis Delamare Deboutteville & Massoud, 1963:274, t.t.

Genus Novokatianna Salmon, JT, 1944:173
  Syn.: Katiannini Novakatianna(sic) Richards, WR, 1968:22 ISS
  Syn.: Sminthuridae Novakatianna(sic) Zeppelini Filho, D, 1996:17 ISS
  Syn.: Sminthuridae Novakatianna(sic) Greenslade, P, 2015:3 ISS
Species sp.1 Janssens F & Murray A, 2014
Novokatianna sp. from New Zealand
2014.02.24 © Murray, A.
Novokatianna sp. from New Zealand
2014.02.24 © Murray, A.
Novokatianna sp. from New Zealand
2016.02.11 © Murray, A.
Novokatianna sp. from New Zealand
2016.02.20 © Murray, A.

Species cummyxa Salmon, JT, 1944:174, t.t.
Novokatianna cummyxa from New Zealand
2014 © TePapa Museum
Novokatianna cummyxa from New Zealand
2014.08.06 © Murray, A.

             Syn.: Novakatianna(sic) cunnaxy(sic) Greenslade, P, 2015:3 ISS
Novakatianna(sic) cunnaxy(sic) from New Zealand
2015 © Murray A in Greenslade P, 2015 Fig.1

Species radiata Salmon, JT, 1946:36
Novokatianna radiata from New Zealand
2014 © TePapa Museum

Species venusta (Salmon, JT, 1943:4) Salmon, JT, 1944:175
Katianna venusta from New Zealand
After Salmon JT, 1943 Pl.1 Fig.2
Katianna venusta from New Zealand
After Salmon JT, 1943 Pl.1 Fig.3
Novokatianna venusta from New Zealand
2014 © TePapa Museum
Novokatianna venusta from New Zealand
2016.02.08 © Murray, A.


Genus Richardsitas Betsch, J-M, 1975:480
Species griveaudi Betsch, 1977
Species najtae Betsch, J-M, 1975:482, t.t.

Genus Spatulosminthurus Betsch, J-M et Betsch-Pinot, M-C, 1984:77
  Syn.: Collembola Smithurus(sic) Stach, J, 1967:394 ISS
  Syn.: ... Sminthurus Betsch & Betsch-Pinot, 1984 partim
Species betschi Nayrolles, P, 1990:65
Spatulosminthurus betschi ♂ from Spain
After Nayrolles P, 1990 Fig.1
Spatulosminthurus betschi ♀ juv. from Spain
After Nayrolles P, 1990 Fig.2
Spatulosminthurus betschi ♀ from Spain
After Nayrolles P, 1990 Fig.3
Spatulosminthurus betschi from Spain
2014.11.08 © Martinez, I.

Species flaviceps (Tullberg, 1871) Nayrolles, P, 1990:65
            Syn.: Sminthurus flaviceps var. fennicus Reuter, OM, 1876:83
            Syn.: Sminthurus fuscus var. ornatus Uzel, 1891
Sminthurus flaviceps var. ornata from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXX Fig.2

            Syn.: Sminthurus flaviceps var. media Stach, 1922
            Syn.: Sminthurus flaviceps f. principalis Stach, J, 1956:258
            Syn.: Sminthurus flaviceps var. bifasciata(sic) Stach, J, 1956:260
Sminthurus flaviceps var. bifasciata(sic) from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXXII Fig.2

            Syn.: Sminthurus flaviceps var. discolor Stach, J, 1956:260
Sminthurus flaviceps var. discolor from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXX Fig.3

            Syn.: Sminthurus bulgaricus Rusek, 1965
             Syn.: Spatulosminthurus bulgarius(sic) Nayrolles, P, 1990:65 ISS
Sminthurus flaviceps from Sweden
After Schött H, 1893 Taf.I Fig.7
Sminthurus flaviceps from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXX Fig.1

Species flaviceps2 (Buitendijk, 1941) Ellis, 1976
Species gattoi (Stach, J, 1967:413) Betsch & Betsch-Pinot, 1983
Sminthurus gattoi from Malta
After Stach J, 1967 Pl.XXXV Fig.1
Spatulosminthurus gattoi from Italy
2017.01.28 © Rinaldo, R.
Spatulosminthurus gattoi from Italy
2017.01.28 © Rinaldo, R.
Spatulosminthurus gattoi from Italy
2017.01.28 © Rinaldo, R.

Species guthriei (Stach, 1919) Betsch, J-M & Betsch-Pinot, M-C, 1984:71
            Syn.: Sminthurus guthriei var. aurantiaca Stach, 1921
  Subspecies dimorphus Stach, J, 1956:251
Sminthurus guthriei var. dimorphus from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXVIII Fig.1
Sminthurus guthriei var. dimorphus from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXVIII Fig.2

  Subspecies sibiricus Bretfeld, 1996
Species lesnei (Carl in Denis, 1925) Betsch, J-M & Betsch-Pinot, M-C, 1984:71, t.t.
            Syn.: Sminthurus lesnei f. obscura Carl in Denis, 1925
            Syn.: Sminthurus lesnei f. maculata Denis, 1925
            Syn.: Sminthurus lesnei var. remaudierei Delamare Deboutteville, 1945
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei from Ibiza
2009.01.25 © Beer, R.
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei from Ibiza
2009.12.02 © Beer, R.
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei from Ibiza
2009.12.02 © Beer, R.
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei from Ibiza
2009.12.03 © Beer, R.
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei from Ibiza
2009.12.05 © Beer, R.
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei from Ibiza
2009.12.05 © Beer, R.
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei from Ibiza
Spatulate tenent hair
2009.12.06 © Beer, R.
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei from Ibiza
Antenna
2009.12.06 © Beer, R.
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei from Ibiza
2009.12.06 © Beer, R.
 
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei from Ibiza
2011.12.04 © Beer, R.
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei from Portugal
2012.10.16 © Murray, A.
Spatulosminthurus lesnei from Spain
2013.02.10 © Frias, J.R.
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei from Ibiza
2014.12.04 © Beer, R.
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei juv. from Ibiza
2014.12.04 © Beer, R.
Spatulosminthurus nr lesnei from Ibiza
2015.11.28 © Beer, R.


Genus Janusius Bretfeld, G, 2010:313
  Syn.: Symphypleona Sminthuris(sic) Murray, T, 2012:11 ISS
Species daisetsuzanus (Uchida, H, 1957:25) Bretfeld, G, 2010:313
Sminthurus daisetsuzanus from Japan
After Uchida H, 1957 Fig.2A

Species sensibilis (Börner, C, 1909:126) Bretfeld, G, 2010:313
            Syn.: Sminthurus arborealis Itoh, 1985
Spatulosminthurus sensibilis from Japan
After Bretfeld G, 1999 Fig.455
Janusius sensibilis from Japan
2010.02.20 © Tsukiji, T.
Janusius sensibilis from Japan
2014.01.05 © Hara, Y.
Janusius sensibilis from Japan
2014.01.05 © Hara, Y.
Janusius sensibilis from Japan
2014.01.05 © Hara, Y.

Species sylvestris (Banks, 1899 tt) Bretfeld, G, 2010:313
            Syn.: Sminthurus facialis Banks, 1903
Sminthurus facialis from the USA
After Maynard, E.A., 1951
Painting by Carolyn Fallon.

            Syn.: Sminthurus variegatus Axelson, 1903, nec Tullberg
Sminthurus sylvestris from the USA
2006 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus sylvestris from the USA
2007.05.30 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus sylvestris from the USA
2009.05.16 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus sylvestris from the USA
2009.06.07 © Murray, T.
Sminthurus sylvestris from the USA
2010.05.04 © Eiseman, C.
Sminthurus sylvestris from the USA
2010.06.07 © Murray, T.
Janusius sylvestris from the USA
2011.01.20 © Montgomery, G.
Janusius sylvestris from the USA
2011.06.04 © Murray, T.
Janusius sylvestris from the USA
2012.01.27 © Lapp, J.
Janusius sylvestris from the USA
2012.01.27 © Lapp, J.
Janusius sylvestris from the USA
2013.04.27 © Bradford, A.
Janusius sylvestris from the USA
2014.05.04 © B., L.
Janusius sylvestris from the USA
2014.05.04 © B., L.
Janusius sylvestris from the USA
White eyepatch with black ocelli
2015.05.28 © Eiseman, C.


Genus Caprainea Dallai, 1970
  Syn.: ... Cordobaia Simón, Bach & Gaju, 1986
Caprainea marginata f. cinerea from Bulgaria
Macrosetae stout equally thick apically suddenly pointed
2016.06.25 © van Duinen, J.
Caprainea marginata f. cinerea from Bulgaria
Ratio ant.3/2=1.6; ant.4/3=2.8
2016.06.25 © van Duinen, J.
Caprainea marginata f. cinerea from Bulgaria
Distinctly smaller ocelli C+D
2016.06.25 © van Duinen, J.

Species bremondi (Delamare Deboutteville & Bassot, 1957) Dallai, 1972, t.t.
            Syn.: Cordobaia bembezarensis Simón, Bach & Gazu, 1986
Caprainea bremondi from Spain
After Nayrolles P, 1993 Fig.18

Species marginata (Schött, H, 1893:25) Dallai, 1972, B
            Syn.: Sminthurus erinaceus Börner, 1903
            Syn.: Sminthurus marginatus Denis, 1924, nec Schött, 1893
            Syn.: Sminthurus echinatus Stach, J, 1930:72,tt
Sminthurus echinatus from Spain
After Stach J, 1930 Abb.XV.8
Sminthurus echinatus from Spain
After Stach J, 1930 Abb.XV.9

Sminthurus echinatus from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXXI Fig.5
Sminthurus echinatus from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXXI Fig.6
Caprainea marginata from Italy
After Dallai R & al, 2000 Fig.7
Caprainea marginata f. echinata
2006 © Boldsystems.org
Caprainea marginata f. echinata from Portugal
2012.10.16 © Murray, A.
Caprainea marginata f. echinata from Spain
2012.11.29 © Campo., B
Caprainea marginata f. echinata from France
Dark colour form
2016.12.31 © Garcelon, P.

            Syn.: Sminthurus marginatus var. cinereus Stach, J, 1956:235
             Syn.: Sminthurus marginatus var. cineraceus(sic) Stach, J, 1956:254 ISS
Sminthurus marginatus var. cineraceus(sic) from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXXI Fig.9

Caprainea marginata f. cinerea from Bulgaria
2016.06.25 © van Duinen, J.
Caprainea marginata f. cinerea from Bulgaria
2016.06.25 © van Duinen, J.
Caprainea marginata f. cinerea from Holland
2016.10.26 © van Duinen, J.
Caprainea marginata f. cinerea from Holland
Dorsal macrosetae distinctly straight and apically blunt
2016.10.26 © van Duinen, J.
Caprainea marginata f. cinerea from Holland
Distinctly smaller ocelli C+D
2016.10.26 © van Duinen, J.
Caprainea marginata f. cinerea from Holland
Pale face
2016.10.26 © van Duinen, J.
Caprainea marginata f. cinerea from France
2016.12.11 © Garcelon, P.

Sminthurus marginatus from Sweden
After Schött H, 1893 Taf.I Fig.11
Sminthurus marginatus from Poland
After Stach J, 1956 PlateXXXI Fig.1
Caprainea marginata from Hungary
2007.mm.dd © Pfliegler, W.
Caprainea marginata from France
2008.11.03 © Lebeaux, P.
Caprainea marginata from France
2008.11.03 © Lebeaux, P.
Caprainea marginata from France
2008.11.03 © Lebeaux, P.
Caprainea marginata from France
2010.12.10 © Nicolosi., B
Caprainea marginata from France
2012.10.28 © Lebeaux, P.
Caprainea marginata from the UK
2013.08.22 © Murray, A.
Caprainea marginata from the UK
2013.08.22 © Murray, A.
Caprainea marginata from the UK
2013.08.22 © Murray, A.



Genus Galeriella Curcic BPM et Lucic LR in Curcic, BPM, Lucic, LR, Tomic, VT, Makarov, SE et Karaman, IM, 2007:63P
Species liciniana Curcic BPM et Lucic LR in Curcic, BPM, Lucic, LR, Tomic, VT, Makarov, SE et Karaman, IM, 2007:64P, t.t.
Galeriella liciniana from Serbia
After Curcic BPM et al., 2007 Fig.1


Genus Dietersminthurus Palacios-Vargas, JG, Cuéllar, JL et Vázquez, M, 1999:13
Species enkerlinius Palacios-Vargas, JG, Cuéllar, JL et Vázquez, M, 1999:14, t.t.

Genus Gisinurus Dallai, R, 1970:467
Species malatestai Dallai, R, 1970:469, t.t.
Species orenensis Bretfeld in Bretfeld, Poliakov & Broza, 2000

Genus Soqotrasminthurus Bretfeld, G, 2005:25
Species hadiboensis Bretfeld, G, 2005:29
Soqotrasminthurus hadiboensis from Yemen
After Bretfeld G, 2005 Fig.58

Species vanharteni Bretfeld, G, 2005:26, t.t.

Genus Varelasminthurus da Silva, DD, Palacios-Vargas, JG et Bellini, BC, 2015:411
Species potiguarus da Silva, DD, Palacios-Vargas, JG et Bellini, BC, 2015:412, t.t.
Varelasminthurus potiguarus from Brazil
After da Silva DD & al, 2015 Fig.1A
Varelasminthurus potiguarus from Brazil
After da Silva DD & al, 2015 Fig.1B




References