http://www.collembola.org/taxa/sphyinae.htm - Last updated on 2019.01.24 by Frans Janssens
Checklist of the Collembola: Sphyrothecinae

Subfamilia Sphyrothecinae Betsch J-M, 1980:149

Genus Number
of species
Afrosminthurus3
Amazoniatheca1
Lipothrix4
Neosminthurus8
Paralipothrix1
Parasphyrotheca5
Sphyrotheca (Archifurca)2
Sphyrotheca (Sphyrotheca)23
Sphyrotheca26
Sphyrotheciscus1
Szeptyckitheca12
Sphyrothecinae61
Genera with number of species
Neosminthurus richardsi from the USA
2008.01.26 © Gross, J.


Genus Amazoniatheca Betsch & de Oliveira, 2007

Species sp. Betsch & de Oliveira, 2007


Genus Sphyrotheciscus Sánchez-García, A et Engel, MS, 2016:9, -

Species senectus Sánchez-García, A et Engel, MS, 2016:9, -

Sphyrotheciscus senectus in Cretaceous amber from Spain
After Sánchez-García A & Engel MS, 2016 Fig.6A

            Syn.: Arrhopalites sp. Simón-Benito, Ortuño & Espantaleón, 2002



Genus Sphyrotheca Börner, C, 1906:183 key

  Syn.: ... Rhopalothrix Schött, 1927
  Syn.: ... Lipothrix Kloet, GS et Hincks, WD, 1945:9
  Syn.: ... Smynthurotheca Delamare Deboutteville & Massoud, 1964
  Syn.: Sminthurini Afrosminthurus Richards, WR, 1968:34


  Syn.: Sminthuridae Sphiroteca(sic) Cutz-Pool, LQ et Vázquez-González, M, 2012:111 ISS
Sphyrotheca sp. from the USA
With thick blunt dorsal macrosetae
2017.02.21 © Lee, C.
Sphyrotheca sp. from the USA
Ant.4 long and annulated
2017.02.21 © Lee, C.
Sphyrotheca sp. from the USA
2018.03.09 © Lee, C.



Species sp. Janssens F & Picard J, 2019

Sphyrotheca sp. from France
2018.05.25 © Picard, J.
Sphyrotheca sp. from France
2018.05.25 © Picard, J.
Sphyrotheca sp. from France
2018.05.25 © Picard, J.
Sphyrotheca sp. from France
2018.05.25 © Picard, J.
Sphyrotheca sp. from France
Ant.4 with 13 subdivisions
2018.05.25 © Picard, J.

Subgenus Sphyrotheca Christiansen, K et Bellinger, P, 1998:1338 key
Species africana (von Dalla Torre, KW, 1895:7)

Species aleta Wray, DL, 1953:149

Species bernardi Delamare Deboutteville, 1953

Species caputalba Bretfeld, 2002

Species coeruleocapitata Bretfeld, 2002

Species dawydoffi (Denis, 1948) Lawrence, PN, 1968:331

            Syn.: Sminthurus Dawydoffi(sic) Denis, 1948 IOS
Sphyrotheca dawydoffi from the South Pacific
After Lawrence PN, 1968 Fig.5



Species gangetica Yosii, 1966

Species gisini Delamare Deboutteville, C et Massoud, Z, 1964:92

Sphyrotheca gisini from Angola
After Delamare Deboutteville C & Massoud Z, 1964 Planche I Fig.A

Species karlarum Palacios-Vargas, JG, Vázquez, M et Cuéllar, JL, 2003:303

            Syn.: Sphyrotheca sp.2 Cuellar, 1998


Species koreana Betsch, J-M et Weiner WM, 2009:36

Species madagascariensis Betsch, J-M, 1974:539

Species magnificata (Salmon, 1951) Yosii, 1959

Species minnesotensis (Guthrie, JE, 1903:52) Maynard, EA, 1951:275

Sminthurus minnesotensis from the USA
After Guthrie JE, 1903 Plate XIV
Sminthurus minnesotensis from the USA
After Guthrie JE, 1903 Plate XIV
Sphyrotheca minnesotensis from the USA
After Maynard EA, 1951 Plate XXXIII Fig.397
Sphyrotheca minnesotensis from the USA
After Maynard EA, 1951 Plate XXXIII Fig.398
Sphyrotheca nr minnesotensis from the USA
2015.08.07 © Cicanese, M.
Sphyrotheca nr minnesotensis from the USA
Cephalic spines
2015.08.07 © Cicanese, M.
Sphyrotheca nr minnesotensis from the USA
Mesothoracic ciliate macroseta
2015.08.07 © Cicanese, M.
Sphyrotheca nr minnesotensis from the USA
Colouration of basal antennomeres
2015.08.07 © Cicanese, M.

Species multifasciata (Reuter, OM in Lindberg, SO, 1881:203) Börner, C, 1906:183, t.t.

            Syn.: Sphyrotheca multifasciata var. ornata Börner, C, 1909:126
            Syn.: Sphyrotheca multifasciata var. pallidinota Börner, C, 1909:126


Sminthurus multifasciatus from Sweden
After Schött H, 1893 Taf.I Fig.15
Sphyrotheca multifasciata from Japan
After Uchida H, 1957 Fig.1A

Species nani Christiansen, K et Bellinger, P, 1992:367

Species nanjingensis Chen J et Wu M in Bretfeld, G, 1999:212

            Syn.: Sphyrotheca stachi Chen & Wu, 1996


Species ozeiana Bretfeld, 2000

            Syn.: Sphyrotheca multifasciata Yosii, 1954


Species peteri Palacios-Vargas, JG, Vázquez, M et Cuéllar, JL, 2003:298

Species schalleri Delamare Deboutteville & Massoud, 1964:68

Species sinensis Bretfeld, 2000

            Syn.: Sphyrotheca multifasciata Stach, J, 1964:23
Sphyrotheca multifasciata from China
After Stach J, 1964 Plate XIII Fig.1




Species spinimucronata Itoh & Zhao, 1993

Species subfusca (Salmon, 1951) Yayuk, 1989:20

Species watanabei Itoh & Yin, 2002

Subgenus Archifurca Richards R in Christiansen, K et Bellinger, P, 1998:1338
  Syn.: Sminthuridae Sphyroteca(sic) Palacios-Vargas, JG, Mejía-Recamier, BE et Cutz-Pool, LQ, 2009:206 ISS
  Syn.: Sminthuridae Sphyroteca(sic) Magaña-Martinez,CS et Palacios-Vargas, JG, 2010:76 ISS

Species sp. (Richards, 1956) Christiansen, K & Bellinger, P, 1998:1338

Species confusa Snider, 1978 tt


Genus Szeptyckitheca Betsch, J-M et Weiner WM, 2009:40 key

Species bellingeri (Betsch, J-M, 1965:444) Betsch, J-M & Weiner WM, 2009:40

            Syn.: Sphyrotheca jamaicensis Soto-Adames, FN, 2002:103


Sphyrotheca bellingeri from Jamaica
After Delamare Deboutteville C & Massoud Z, 1964 Planche I Fig.H

Species boneti (Denis, 1948) Betsch, J-M & Weiner WM, 2009:40

Species coerulea (Bretfeld, G, 2005:32) Betsch, J-M & Weiner WM, 2009:40

Species formosana (Yosii, 1965) Betsch, J-M & Weiner WM, 2009:40

Species implicata (Hüther, 1967) Zeppelini, D, Lopes, BCH & Lima, ECA, 2018:6 lapsus

            Syn.: Szeptyckitheca involucta(sic) Zeppelini, D, Lopes, BCH et Lima, ECA, 2018:6 lapsus


Species kaci Zeppelini, D, Lopes, BCH et Lima, ECA, 2018:3

            Syn.: Szeptyckitheca kac(sic) Zeppelini, D, Lopes, BCH et Lima, ECA, 2018:3 IOS
Szeptyckitheca kac(sic) from Brazil
Head frontal
After Zeppelini D et al, 2018 Fig.5



Species kesongensis Betsch, J-M et Weiner WM, 2009:40, t.t.

Species machadoi (Delamare Deboutteville, C & Massoud, Z, 1964:80) Betsch, J-M & Weiner WM, 2009:40

Sminthurotheca machadoi from Angola
After Delamare Deboutteville C & Massoud Z, 1964 Fig.8

Species mucroserrata (Snider, 1978) Betsch, J-M & Weiner WM, 2009:40

Species nepalica (Yosii, 1966) Betsch, J-M & Weiner WM, 2009:40

Species santiagoi (Yosii, R, 1959:58) Betsch, J-M & Weiner WM, 2009:40

Sphyrotheca santiagoi from Singapore
After Yosii R, 1959 Fig.34A
Sphyrotheca santiagoi from the South Pacific
After Lawrence PN, 1968 Fig.7-8

Species vanderdrifti (Delamare Deboutteville, C & Massoud, Z, 1964:64) Betsch, J-M & Weiner WM, 2009:40


Genus Parasphyrotheca Salmon, 1951

Species fasciata Salmon, 1951, t.t.

Species indica (Prabhoo, 1971) Betsch, 1980

Species magnificata Salmon, 1951

Species subfusca Salmon, 1951

Species submagnificata Prabhoo, 1971


Genus Lipothrix Börner, C, 1906:183

  Syn.: Sminthurus Eusminthurus Börner, 1900
  Syn.: ... Sphyrotheca Stach, 1956 partim


Species bernardi Delamare Deboutteville, 1954

            Syn.: Lipothrix lubbocki Cassagnau, 1968 partim
            Syn.: Lipothrix lubbocki Bretfeld, 1975 partim
            Syn.: Lipothrix lubbocki Dallai & Martinozzi, 1980


Lipothrix bernardi from Spain
2013.12.25 © Carducci, E.G.

Species italica Cassagnau, 1968

Species japonica Itoh, 1994

Species lubbocki (Tullberg, T, 1872:33) Cassagnau, 1961, t.t., B

            Syn.: Sminthurus (Pilosi) Lubbockii(sic) Tullberg, T, 1872:33 IOS
            Syn.: Sminthurus Poppei(sic) Reuter, OM, 1887:214 IOS
Sminthurus Poppei(sic) from Germany
Antenna
After Reuter OM, 1887 Fig.a

             Syn.: Sminthurus Poppei(sic) Schött, H, 1893:33 ISS
            Syn.: Sminthurus fuscus var. atra Scherbakov, 1898
            Syn.: Sminthurus tuberculatus Lie-Pettersen, 1898
            Syn.: Lipothrix italica Dallai & Martinozzi, 1980



             Syn.: Sminthurus Lubbocki(sic) Reuter, OM, 1876:80 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus Lubbockii(sic) Schött, H, 1893:33 ISS
Sminthurus Lubbockii(sic) from Sweden
After Schött H, 1893 Taf.III Fig.1

             Syn.: Sminthurus lubbockii(sic) von Dalla Torre, KW, 1895:8 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus Lubbockii(sic) Axelson, 1900 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus Lubbockii(sic) Börner, C, 1901:6 ISS
             Syn.: Sminthurus Lubbockii(sic) Axelson, 1905 ISS
             Syn.: Eusminthurus lubbockii(sic) von Torne, 1958 ISS
             Syn.: Lipothrix lubbockii(sic) Ellis, WN, 1974:131 ISS
             Syn.: Lipothrix lubbockii(sic) Ellis, WN, 1974:232 ISS
Lipothrix lubbocki from France
2007.06.09 © Lebeaux, P.
Lipothrix lubbocki from France
2007.06.09 © Lebeaux, P.
Lipothrix lubbocki from France
2007.06.09 © Lebeaux, P.
Lipothrix lubbocki from Holland
2010.08.28 © van Duinen, J.
Lipothrix lubbocki from Holland
2011.10.27 © van Duinen, J.
Lipothrix lubbocki (bar=2µm)
Irregular epicuticular ultrastructure with secondary granules
After Nickerl J & al, 2012 Fig.6D
Lipothrix lubbocki from Holland
2012.07.14 © van Duinen, J.
Lipothrix lubbocki from the UK
Subsegmented apical half of 4th antennal segment
2013.08.21 © Murray, A.
Lipothrix lubbocki from the UK
2013.08.21 © Murray, A.
Lipothrix lubbocki from Holland
2013.08.30 © van Duinen, J.
Lipothrix lubbocki from the UK
Blunt truncate macrosetae
2013.10.01 © Murray, A.
Lipothrix lubbocki from the UK
2013.10.01 © Murray, A.
Lipothrix lubbocki from the UK
Tuberculate vesicle of collophore
2013.10.01 © Murray, A.
Lipothrix lubbocki from Germany
2014.06.01 © Beck, K.
Lipothrix lubbocki from Holland
2014.09.28 © van Duinen, J.
Lipothrix lubbocki from Holland
2014.11.07 © van Duinen, J.
Lipothrix lubbocki from Germany
2015.08.08 © Kluck, A.
Lipothrix lubbocki from Germany
2015.08.09 © Kluck, A.
Lipothrix lubbocki from Germany
Ant.4 apically subsegmented (*)
2015.08.09 © Kluck, A.
Lipothrix lubbocki from the UK
2015.10.29 © Ridgen, D.
Lipothrix lubbocki from France
2018.06.10 © Tiky, S.
Lipothrix lubbocki from Belgium
2018.08.27 © Huskens, M.-L.
Lipothrix lubbocki from Belgium
2018.08.27 © Huskens, M.-L.
Lipothrix lubbocki from France
2018.10.14 © Garcelon, P.
Lipothrix lubbocki juv. from France
2018.11.27 © Picard, J.

  Subspecies maculatus Axelson, 1900

  Subspecies pallidus Ionesco, 1916

            Syn.: Sphyrotheca Lubbockii(sic) var. pallida Ionesco, 1915 nn


Lipothrix lubbocki ssp. pallidus from the UK
2013.08.21 © Murray, A.
Lipothrix lubbocki ssp. pallidus from France
2018.06.10 © Tiky, S.
Lipothrix lubbocki ssp. pallidus from France
2018.06.10 © Tiky, S.
Lipothrix lubbocki ssp. pallidus from France
2018.06.10 © Tiky, S.




Genus Neosminthurus Mills, HB, 1934:98

Neosminthurus sp. from the USA
2006 © Bernard, E.
Neosminthurus richardsi juv. from the USA
2001.12.26 © Justis, S.
Neosminthurus richardsi juv. from the USA
Reduced small abdomen
2011.12.26 © Justis, S.

Species amabilis Yosii, 1965

Species bakeri Snider, 1978

Neosminthurus bakeri
1997 © Palacios-Vargas, J.G.
             Syn.: Neosminthurus backeri(sic) Cutz-Pool, LQ, García-Gómez, A et Palacios-Vargas, JG, 2007:48 ISS


Species bellingeri Muzzio, 1984

Species clavatus (Banks, 1897) Guthrie, 1903, t.t.

            Syn.: Sminthurus curvisetis Guthrie, JE, 1903:50
Neosminthurus curvisetis from the USA
After Mills, H.B., 1934 Plate 2 Fig.14

            Syn.: Neosminthurus purpureus Scott, 1964



Species gisini (Delamare Deboutteville & Massoud, 1964) Ellis, WN, 1974:131

Species mirabilis (Yosii, 1965) Ellis, WN, 1974:131

Species richardsi Snider, 1978

Neosminthurus richardsi from the USA
2008.01.26 © Gross, J.
Neosminthurus richardsi from the USA
2008.01.26 © Gross, J.
Neosminthurus richardsi from the USA
2009.03.15 © Justis, S.
Neosminthurus richardsi from the USA
2009.03.15 © Justis, S.
Neosminthurus richardsi from the USA
2009.03.15 © Justis, S.
Neosminthurus richardsi juv. from the USA
2011.12.26 © Justis, S.
Neosminthurus richardsi juv. from the USA
2011.12.26 © Justis, S.
Neosminthurus richardsi juv. from the USA
2011.12.26 © Justis, S.
Neosminthurus richardsi juv. from the USA
Antennal segments undivided
2011.12.26 © Justis, S.

Species schalleri (Delamare Deboutteville & Massoud, 1965) Massoud & Betsch, 1972


Genus Paralipothrix Bretfeld, G, 1999:187

Species natalicius (Ellis, WN, 1974:131) Bretfeld, G, 1999:188, t.t.


Genus Afrosminthurus Delamare Deboutteville, C et Massoud, Z, 1964:86

Species bufo Lawrence, PN, 1968:325

Afrosminthurus bufo from the South Pacific
After Lawrence PN, 1968 Fig.1
Afrosminthurus bufo from the South Pacific
After Lawrence PN, 1968 Fig.2
Afrosminthurus bufo from the South Pacific
After Lawrence PN, 1968 Fig.2

Species gladiator Delamare Deboutteville, C et Massoud, Z, 1964:87, t.t.

Afrosminthurus gladiator from Angola
After Delamare Deboutteville C & Massoud Z, 1964 Planche I Fig.G

Species imadatei Itoh & Zhao, 2000


References